Genotype G4P Rotavirus A (RVA) strains collected from children admitted to hospital with gastroenteritis over a 15. year period in the pre rotavirus vaccine era in Hungary were characterized in this study. Whole genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis was performed on eight G4P RVA strains. All these RVA strains shared a fairly conservative genomic configuration (G4-P-I1/I5-R1-C1-M1-A1/A8-N1-T1/T7-E1-H1) and showed striking similarities to porcine and porcine-derived human RVA strains collected worldwide, although genetic relatedness to some common human RVA strains was also seen. The resolution of phylogenetic relationship between porcine and human RVA genes was occasionally low, making the evaluation of host species origin of individual genes sometimes difficult. Yet the whole genome constellations and overall phylogenetic analyses indicated that these eight Hungarian G4P RVA strains may have originated by independent zoonotic transmission, probably from pigs. Future surveillance studies of human and animal RVA should go parallel to enable the distinction between direct interspecies transmission events and those that are coupled with reassortment of cognate genes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Molecular Biology
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases