The past development and present state of urban water resources systems in Central and Eastern Europe, which are far from the level of Western countries, are discussed. High utility loops contribute significantly to the often serious contamination of receiving waters. The capital costs of extending the existing capacities of urban water infrastructures are enormous. The management of urban pollution requires careful planning, with the setting of national and international priorities for shared water resources. The role of systematically prepared laws and environmental legislation is stressed. The main elements of short-term and long-term strategies are outlined. These incorporate, among others, the introduction of flexible standards and economic instruments for the entire water consumption cycle, a precise scheduling of actions needed and, furthermore, the application of alternative and innovative technologies. The latter are discussed with special emphasis on short-term effectiveness and gradual extension possibilities for urban and rural areas and approaches which could close material cycles efficiently.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Water Pollution Control|
|Publication status||Published - márc. 1 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ocean Engineering
- Environmental Science(all)
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)