Validation of the Italian translation of the Revised Temperament and Character Inventory--TCI-140--in adult participants and in participants with medical diseases

Anna Vespa, Marica Ottaviani, Andrea Fossati, Maria V elia Giulietti, Roberta Spatuzzi, Cristina Meloni, Paolo Fabbietti, Liana Spazzafumo, S. Rózsa, Robert C. Cloninger

Research output: Article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of the TCI-140.

SAMPLE: 428 Italian participants.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA: psychiatric disorders. 100 subjects - longitudinal retest study.

RESULTS: The results of descriptive statistics of internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) of TCI-R dimensions showed: a strong internal consistence of the scales: HA (α = 0.84); RD (α = 0.70); SD (α = 0.86); C (α = 0.75); ST (α = 0.83); a low level in NS (α = 0.60). In relation to facets, internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) ranged from 0.14 C3 to 0.79 C4 (from 3rd to 4th facet of C scale). Correlations: highest inverse correlation between HA and SD (r = -0.56); moderate inverse correlations for: HA and PS (r = -0.37); C and RD(r = 0.32); C and SD (r = 0.44). P, SD, C and ST showed good inter class correlations (ICC) ≥ 70 maintaining a good stability of the measures over the time. Four factors accounted for 56.3% of the variance for temperament subscale. Subscales of: PS4, PS3 PS2, PS1, NS3 for factor 1; HA2, HA1, HA4, HA3 for factor 2; RD1, RD2 and RD3 for factor 3; NS4, NS1 and NS2 for factor 4. Three factors that were identified accounted for 58.3% of the variance for character subscales of: SD3, SD5, SD1, SD2 for factor 1; C4, C1, C5, SD4, C3 for factor 2; ST2, ST1, ST3, C2 for factor 3.

CONCLUSION: The reliability coefficients were significantly good for some dimensions of TCI-140 and showed a good correlation after time, while some dimensions as NS have low reliability. In the principal components analysis does not saturate all dimensions in its theoretical factor. Moreover TCI-140 is a useful inventory for the evaluation of the principal dimensions of temperament and character.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume59
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - máj. 1 2015

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Temperament
Equipment and Supplies
Principal Component Analysis
Reproducibility of Results
Psychiatry
Longitudinal Studies
Type I Syndactyly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Validation of the Italian translation of the Revised Temperament and Character Inventory--TCI-140--in adult participants and in participants with medical diseases. / Vespa, Anna; Ottaviani, Marica; Fossati, Andrea; Giulietti, Maria V elia; Spatuzzi, Roberta; Meloni, Cristina; Fabbietti, Paolo; Spazzafumo, Liana; Rózsa, S.; Cloninger, Robert C.

In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 59, 01.05.2015, p. 129-134.

Research output: Article

Vespa, Anna ; Ottaviani, Marica ; Fossati, Andrea ; Giulietti, Maria V elia ; Spatuzzi, Roberta ; Meloni, Cristina ; Fabbietti, Paolo ; Spazzafumo, Liana ; Rózsa, S. ; Cloninger, Robert C. / Validation of the Italian translation of the Revised Temperament and Character Inventory--TCI-140--in adult participants and in participants with medical diseases. In: Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2015 ; Vol. 59. pp. 129-134.
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abstract = "INTRODUCTION: This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of the TCI-140.SAMPLE: 428 Italian participants.EXCLUSION CRITERIA: psychiatric disorders. 100 subjects - longitudinal retest study.RESULTS: The results of descriptive statistics of internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) of TCI-R dimensions showed: a strong internal consistence of the scales: HA (α = 0.84); RD (α = 0.70); SD (α = 0.86); C (α = 0.75); ST (α = 0.83); a low level in NS (α = 0.60). In relation to facets, internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) ranged from 0.14 C3 to 0.79 C4 (from 3rd to 4th facet of C scale). Correlations: highest inverse correlation between HA and SD (r = -0.56); moderate inverse correlations for: HA and PS (r = -0.37); C and RD(r = 0.32); C and SD (r = 0.44). P, SD, C and ST showed good inter class correlations (ICC) ≥ 70 maintaining a good stability of the measures over the time. Four factors accounted for 56.3{\%} of the variance for temperament subscale. Subscales of: PS4, PS3 PS2, PS1, NS3 for factor 1; HA2, HA1, HA4, HA3 for factor 2; RD1, RD2 and RD3 for factor 3; NS4, NS1 and NS2 for factor 4. Three factors that were identified accounted for 58.3{\%} of the variance for character subscales of: SD3, SD5, SD1, SD2 for factor 1; C4, C1, C5, SD4, C3 for factor 2; ST2, ST1, ST3, C2 for factor 3.CONCLUSION: The reliability coefficients were significantly good for some dimensions of TCI-140 and showed a good correlation after time, while some dimensions as NS have low reliability. In the principal components analysis does not saturate all dimensions in its theoretical factor. Moreover TCI-140 is a useful inventory for the evaluation of the principal dimensions of temperament and character.",
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T1 - Validation of the Italian translation of the Revised Temperament and Character Inventory--TCI-140--in adult participants and in participants with medical diseases

AU - Vespa, Anna

AU - Ottaviani, Marica

AU - Fossati, Andrea

AU - Giulietti, Maria V elia

AU - Spatuzzi, Roberta

AU - Meloni, Cristina

AU - Fabbietti, Paolo

AU - Spazzafumo, Liana

AU - Rózsa, S.

AU - Cloninger, Robert C.

PY - 2015/5/1

Y1 - 2015/5/1

N2 - INTRODUCTION: This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of the TCI-140.SAMPLE: 428 Italian participants.EXCLUSION CRITERIA: psychiatric disorders. 100 subjects - longitudinal retest study.RESULTS: The results of descriptive statistics of internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) of TCI-R dimensions showed: a strong internal consistence of the scales: HA (α = 0.84); RD (α = 0.70); SD (α = 0.86); C (α = 0.75); ST (α = 0.83); a low level in NS (α = 0.60). In relation to facets, internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) ranged from 0.14 C3 to 0.79 C4 (from 3rd to 4th facet of C scale). Correlations: highest inverse correlation between HA and SD (r = -0.56); moderate inverse correlations for: HA and PS (r = -0.37); C and RD(r = 0.32); C and SD (r = 0.44). P, SD, C and ST showed good inter class correlations (ICC) ≥ 70 maintaining a good stability of the measures over the time. Four factors accounted for 56.3% of the variance for temperament subscale. Subscales of: PS4, PS3 PS2, PS1, NS3 for factor 1; HA2, HA1, HA4, HA3 for factor 2; RD1, RD2 and RD3 for factor 3; NS4, NS1 and NS2 for factor 4. Three factors that were identified accounted for 58.3% of the variance for character subscales of: SD3, SD5, SD1, SD2 for factor 1; C4, C1, C5, SD4, C3 for factor 2; ST2, ST1, ST3, C2 for factor 3.CONCLUSION: The reliability coefficients were significantly good for some dimensions of TCI-140 and showed a good correlation after time, while some dimensions as NS have low reliability. In the principal components analysis does not saturate all dimensions in its theoretical factor. Moreover TCI-140 is a useful inventory for the evaluation of the principal dimensions of temperament and character.

AB - INTRODUCTION: This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of the TCI-140.SAMPLE: 428 Italian participants.EXCLUSION CRITERIA: psychiatric disorders. 100 subjects - longitudinal retest study.RESULTS: The results of descriptive statistics of internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) of TCI-R dimensions showed: a strong internal consistence of the scales: HA (α = 0.84); RD (α = 0.70); SD (α = 0.86); C (α = 0.75); ST (α = 0.83); a low level in NS (α = 0.60). In relation to facets, internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) ranged from 0.14 C3 to 0.79 C4 (from 3rd to 4th facet of C scale). Correlations: highest inverse correlation between HA and SD (r = -0.56); moderate inverse correlations for: HA and PS (r = -0.37); C and RD(r = 0.32); C and SD (r = 0.44). P, SD, C and ST showed good inter class correlations (ICC) ≥ 70 maintaining a good stability of the measures over the time. Four factors accounted for 56.3% of the variance for temperament subscale. Subscales of: PS4, PS3 PS2, PS1, NS3 for factor 1; HA2, HA1, HA4, HA3 for factor 2; RD1, RD2 and RD3 for factor 3; NS4, NS1 and NS2 for factor 4. Three factors that were identified accounted for 58.3% of the variance for character subscales of: SD3, SD5, SD1, SD2 for factor 1; C4, C1, C5, SD4, C3 for factor 2; ST2, ST1, ST3, C2 for factor 3.CONCLUSION: The reliability coefficients were significantly good for some dimensions of TCI-140 and showed a good correlation after time, while some dimensions as NS have low reliability. In the principal components analysis does not saturate all dimensions in its theoretical factor. Moreover TCI-140 is a useful inventory for the evaluation of the principal dimensions of temperament and character.

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