An essential role for an intact vagal nerve has been proven in the development of gastric mucosal cyto- and general protection. On the other hand, chemically-induced (ethanol, HCl, indomethacin) gastric mucosal damage is enhanced after acute surgical vagotomy. The aims of this paper were to study the possible mechanisms of the vagal nerve in the development of gastric mucosal defense. The following questions were addressed: 1) effect of surgical vagotomy on the development of ethanol- (ETOH), HCl-, and indomethacin (IND)-induced gastric mucosal damage; 2) changes in the gastric mucosal defense by scavengers, prostacyclin and other compounds (small doses of atropine and cimetidine: 3) changes in the gastric mucosal vascular permeability due to chemicals; 4) effect of indomethacin in the ETOH and HCl models with and without surgical vagotomy; 5) changes in the gastric mucosal content of prostacyclin and PGE2 in the ETOH and HCl models after surgical vagotomy; and 6) changes in the role of SH-groups in gastric mucosal defense after surgical vagotomy. It was found that: 1) the gastric mucosal damage produced by chemicals (ETOH, HCl, and indomethacin) was enhanced after surgical vagotomy; 2) the cyto- and general gastric protective effects of β-carotene, prostacyclin, and small doses of atropine and cimetidine disappeared after surgical vagotomy; 3) the vascular permeability due to chemicals (ETOH, HCl, indomethacin) significantly increased after surgical vagotomy in association with an increase in both number and severity of gastric mucosal lesions; 4) IND alone (in animals with an intact vagus) did not produce gastric mucosal lesions (in 1-h experiments), but it aggravated ETOH-induced gastric mucosal damage (both its number and severity); 5) the gastric mucosal levels of prostacyclin and PGE2 decreased after surgical vagotomy; 6) IND application (after surgical vagotomy) decreased further the tissue levels of prostacyclin and PGE2 in association with an increase of gastric mucosal damage; and 7) the gastric mucosal protective effects of SH-groups were abolished by surgical vagotomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)