Utilization of in vitro anther culture in spelt wheat breeding

Csaba Lantos, Szandra Purgel, Katalin Ács, Bernadett Langó, Lajos Bóna, Krisztina Boda, Ferenc Békés, János Pauk

Research output: Article

Abstract

The efficiency of in vitro anther culture was screened in a full diallel population of four spelt wheat genotypes and ten F1 hybrids. Genotype dependency was observed based on the data of embryo-like structures (ELS), green-, albino plantlets. In the diallel population and ten F1 hybrids, the green plantlets production ranged from 13.75 to 85.00 and from 6.30 to 51.00, respectively. The anther culture-derived plants of F1 hybrids were grown up in the nursery. At the harvest, 436 spontaneous doubled haploid (DH) plants were identified among the 1535 anther culture-derived transplanted and grown up individual plants. The mean of spontaneous rediploidization was 28.4% which ranged from 9.76% to 54.24%. In two consecutive years, the agronomic values of ‘Tonkoly.pop1’ advanced line were compared with seven DH lines of ‘Tonkoly.pop1’ in the nursery. The DH lines achieved competitive values in comparison with ‘Tonkoly.pop1’ advanced line based on the 11 measured parameters (heading date, plant height, yield, hardness, width and length of seed, TKW, hulling yield, flour yield, protein and wet gluten content). These observations presage the efficient utilization of anther culture in spelt wheat breeding.

Original languageEnglish
Article number436
JournalPlants
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - okt. 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Lantos, C., Purgel, S., Ács, K., Langó, B., Bóna, L., Boda, K., Békés, F., & Pauk, J. (2019). Utilization of in vitro anther culture in spelt wheat breeding. Plants, 8(10), [436]. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8100436