Transmitted drug resistance in newly diagnosed and treatment-naïve HIV type 1-infected patients in Hungary

Éva Áy, Viktor Müller, Mária Mezei, Ágnes Pocskay, Anita Koroknai, Dalma Müller, Zoltán Győri, Márta Marschalkó, Béla Tóth, Sarolta Kárpáti, Botond Lakatos, János Szlávik, Mária Takács, János Minárovits

Research output: Article


Objectives: Transmitted human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) drug resistance (TDR) may affect the success of first-line antiretroviral treatment. This study aimed to monitor the presence of HIV-1 strains carrying transmitted drug resistance-associated mutations (TDRMs) in newly diagnosed and treatment-naïve patients in Hungary. Methods: This study included 168 HIV-infected individuals diagnosed between 2013–2017; most of them (93.5%) belonged to the homo/bisexual population. HIV-1 subtypes and TDRMs were determined by analysing the protease and reverse transcriptase coding regions of the pol gene by the Stanford HIV Drug Resistance Database. Transmission clusters among patients were identified using phylogenetic analysis. Results: Although subtype B HIV-1 strains were predominant (87.5%), non-B subtypes including F, A, CRF01_AE, CRF02_AG, D and G were also recorded, especially in young adults. The overall prevalence of TDR was 10.7% (18 of 168; 95% CI: 6.9–16.3%). Subtype B HIV-1 strains carried most of the TDRMs (94.4%). Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)-associated mutations were the most prevalent indicators of TDR (16 of 168; 9.5%; 95% CI: 5.9–14.9%), followed by mutations conferring resistance to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) (2 of 168; 1.2%; 95% CI: 0.3–4.2%) and protease inhibitors (PIs) (1 of 168, 0.6%; 95% CI: 0.1–3.3%). Phylogenetic analysis revealed that most NRTI-associated resistance mutations were associated with a single monophyletic clade, suggesting early single-source introduction and ongoing spread of this drug-resistant HIV-1 strain. Conclusions: Onward transmission of drug-resistant subtype B HIV-1 strains accounted for the majority of TDRs observed among treatment-naïve HIV-infected individuals in Hungary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-130
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Publication statusPublished - márc. 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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