Pókcsípés okozta loxoscelizmus nagykiterjedésu felso ajak nekrózissal

Sándor Bogdán, József Barabas, Gábor Zacher, Tamás Huszár, Norbert Velich, György Szabó, Zsolt Németh

Research output: Article

Abstract

Arthropods and in particular spiders are a common embodiment of our fears, despite the fact that only a few species are dangerous to man. The authors present a case involving severe local and general reactions to a loxosceles (brown recluse spider) bite. They give an overview of the occurrence of loxosceles spiders, the signs and symptoms of envenomation and the therapeutic possibilities. The severe symptoms presenting following loxosceles enveriomation is termed loxoscelism. Loxoscelism is characterised by local soft tissue necrosis of varying degree at the site of the sting, and rarely, life-threatening general reactions, such as haemolysis with ensuing anaemia, and renal failure. Therapeutic interventions following loxosceles bites range from dapsone treatment to hyperbaric oxygen therapy, but the most promising therapy is the use of the antiserum, commercially available in certain South-American countries where loxosceles bites are common. Treatment of soft tissue necrosis consists of necrectomy and surgical reconstruction following the resolution of the inflammatory symptoms.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)2317-2321
Number of pages5
JournalOrvosi hetilap
Volume146
Issue number45
Publication statusPublished - dec. 1 2005

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Keywords

  • Loxoscelism
  • Spider-bite
  • Violin spider

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Bogdán, S., Barabas, J., Zacher, G., Huszár, T., Velich, N., Szabó, G., & Németh, Z. (2005). Pókcsípés okozta loxoscelizmus nagykiterjedésu felso ajak nekrózissal. Orvosi hetilap, 146(45), 2317-2321.