Toe-brachial index and exercise test can improve the exploration of peripheral artery disease

David Kovacs, Beata Csiszar, Katalin Biro, Katalin Koltai, Dora Endrei, I. Juricskay, Barbara Sandor, Dora Praksch, K. Tóth, Gabor Kesmarky

Research output: Article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: We assumed that hand-held Doppler ultrasound (DUS) at rest was insufficient to assess the severity of peripheral artery disease (PAD). Toe pressure and transcutaneous tissue oxygen pressure were studied to prove whether these could identify more patients with severe lower limb ischemia; exercise was applied to provoke ischemia. Methods: 120 patients with PAD and 30 volunteers without PAD were recruited. DUS, transcutaneous tissue oxygen pressure (tcpO2) and toe pressure measurements were performed at rest and after exercise. The differential power of these examinations for severe limb ischemia (SLI) was determined by receiver-operating curves (ROCs) and pattern recognition by independent multicategory analysis (PRIMA). Results: There was an obvious significant difference between the patient and control groups at rest; after exercise; the ratio of severely impaired values (ankle-brachial index – ABI, toe-brachial index – TBI, tcpO2 measured on index forefoot) increased significantly in the patient group (p < 0.05). TBI, tcpO2, ABI measured after exercise could differentiate SLI better than the values of these tests at rest (p < 0.001). In ROC analysis, the largest area under the curve (AUC) was covered by post- (AUC: 0.860) and pre-exercise TBI (AUC: 0.785), and post-exercise tcpO2 (AUC: 0.720) (p < 0.001). Post-exercise TBI gained the best discriminant score in PRIMA. Conclusions: Pre- and post-exercise non-invasive vascular tests could reveal severe limb ischemia. Toe pressure measurement and TBI should become a basic part of the vascular workup.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-158
Number of pages8
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume269
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - febr. 1 2018

Fingerprint

Ankle Brachial Index
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Exercise Test
Exercise
Ischemia
Area Under Curve
Toes
Pressure
Doppler Ultrasonography
Extremities
Blood Vessels
Oxygen
Volunteers
Lower Extremity
Hand
Control Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Toe-brachial index and exercise test can improve the exploration of peripheral artery disease. / Kovacs, David; Csiszar, Beata; Biro, Katalin; Koltai, Katalin; Endrei, Dora; Juricskay, I.; Sandor, Barbara; Praksch, Dora; Tóth, K.; Kesmarky, Gabor.

In: Atherosclerosis, Vol. 269, 01.02.2018, p. 151-158.

Research output: Article

Kovacs, D, Csiszar, B, Biro, K, Koltai, K, Endrei, D, Juricskay, I, Sandor, B, Praksch, D, Tóth, K & Kesmarky, G 2018, 'Toe-brachial index and exercise test can improve the exploration of peripheral artery disease', Atherosclerosis, vol. 269, pp. 151-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2018.01.023
Kovacs, David ; Csiszar, Beata ; Biro, Katalin ; Koltai, Katalin ; Endrei, Dora ; Juricskay, I. ; Sandor, Barbara ; Praksch, Dora ; Tóth, K. ; Kesmarky, Gabor. / Toe-brachial index and exercise test can improve the exploration of peripheral artery disease. In: Atherosclerosis. 2018 ; Vol. 269. pp. 151-158.
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abstract = "Background and aims: We assumed that hand-held Doppler ultrasound (DUS) at rest was insufficient to assess the severity of peripheral artery disease (PAD). Toe pressure and transcutaneous tissue oxygen pressure were studied to prove whether these could identify more patients with severe lower limb ischemia; exercise was applied to provoke ischemia. Methods: 120 patients with PAD and 30 volunteers without PAD were recruited. DUS, transcutaneous tissue oxygen pressure (tcpO2) and toe pressure measurements were performed at rest and after exercise. The differential power of these examinations for severe limb ischemia (SLI) was determined by receiver-operating curves (ROCs) and pattern recognition by independent multicategory analysis (PRIMA). Results: There was an obvious significant difference between the patient and control groups at rest; after exercise; the ratio of severely impaired values (ankle-brachial index – ABI, toe-brachial index – TBI, tcpO2 measured on index forefoot) increased significantly in the patient group (p < 0.05). TBI, tcpO2, ABI measured after exercise could differentiate SLI better than the values of these tests at rest (p < 0.001). In ROC analysis, the largest area under the curve (AUC) was covered by post- (AUC: 0.860) and pre-exercise TBI (AUC: 0.785), and post-exercise tcpO2 (AUC: 0.720) (p < 0.001). Post-exercise TBI gained the best discriminant score in PRIMA. Conclusions: Pre- and post-exercise non-invasive vascular tests could reveal severe limb ischemia. Toe pressure measurement and TBI should become a basic part of the vascular workup.",
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AU - Kovacs, David

AU - Csiszar, Beata

AU - Biro, Katalin

AU - Koltai, Katalin

AU - Endrei, Dora

AU - Juricskay, I.

AU - Sandor, Barbara

AU - Praksch, Dora

AU - Tóth, K.

AU - Kesmarky, Gabor

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AB - Background and aims: We assumed that hand-held Doppler ultrasound (DUS) at rest was insufficient to assess the severity of peripheral artery disease (PAD). Toe pressure and transcutaneous tissue oxygen pressure were studied to prove whether these could identify more patients with severe lower limb ischemia; exercise was applied to provoke ischemia. Methods: 120 patients with PAD and 30 volunteers without PAD were recruited. DUS, transcutaneous tissue oxygen pressure (tcpO2) and toe pressure measurements were performed at rest and after exercise. The differential power of these examinations for severe limb ischemia (SLI) was determined by receiver-operating curves (ROCs) and pattern recognition by independent multicategory analysis (PRIMA). Results: There was an obvious significant difference between the patient and control groups at rest; after exercise; the ratio of severely impaired values (ankle-brachial index – ABI, toe-brachial index – TBI, tcpO2 measured on index forefoot) increased significantly in the patient group (p < 0.05). TBI, tcpO2, ABI measured after exercise could differentiate SLI better than the values of these tests at rest (p < 0.001). In ROC analysis, the largest area under the curve (AUC) was covered by post- (AUC: 0.860) and pre-exercise TBI (AUC: 0.785), and post-exercise tcpO2 (AUC: 0.720) (p < 0.001). Post-exercise TBI gained the best discriminant score in PRIMA. Conclusions: Pre- and post-exercise non-invasive vascular tests could reveal severe limb ischemia. Toe pressure measurement and TBI should become a basic part of the vascular workup.

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