Tobacco consumption and antidepressant use are associated with the rate of completed suicide in Hungary: An ecological study

Péter Döme, Balázs Kapitány, Györgyi Ignits, Lajos Porkoláb, Zoltán Rihmer

Research output: Article

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The suicide rate of Hungary is the highest in the world averaged over the last century but it has shown a very pronounced decrease since 1987. To explore the background of this decrease we investigated the associations between some known suicide-related factors (i.e. tobacco use, antidepressant use and alcohol consumption at the population level) and the suicide rate between 1985 and 2008. The total number of man-hours worked per year by psychiatrists in the outpatient service system and real GDP growth were also monitored in our study. A time series analysis model was constructed to investigate the associations between the above variables and the suicide rate. In the unadjusted model annual tobacco consumption was significantly associated with the suicide rate in a positive manner, while antidepressant use and man-hours were significantly associated with the suicide rate in a negative manner. After adjustment, the associations remained significant only for tobacco consumption and antidepressant use. Neither alcohol consumption nor real GDP growth was associated with the suicide rate in any models. Our results from group-level data confirmed the role of smoking in suicidal behavior previously suggested mainly by studies using individual-level data and also corroborated the results of previous ecological studies concerning the inverse association between antidepressant use and suicide rate. These findings and the results of previous studies - investigating the relationship between smoking and the risk of suicidal behavior at the individual-level - may suggest that programs to prevent tobacco use or to address the widespread recognition and treatment of depression may also prevent suicidality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)488-494
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - ápr. 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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