Thermocatalytic Studies on Municipal Solid Waste

Z. Sebestyén, N. Miskolczi, E. Barta-Rajnai, E. Jakab, Zs Czégény

Research output: Conference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of this study was to upgrade the decomposition products of municipal solid waste applying different catalysts during slow and high heating rate pyrolysis. The municipal waste studied was a mixture of biomass and plastics in a ratio of 1:1. Different zeolites (β- and Y-zeolites, ZSM-5 and FCC catalysts) and nickel-molybdenum (NiMo/Al2O3) catalysts were tested in order to upgrade the quality of the decomposition product mixture. The applied sample-catalyst ratio was 2:1. The evolution profiles of the gas phase decomposition products were monitored by thermogravimetry/mass spectrometry (TG/MS). The product distribution was analyzed by pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) technique. The effect of the catalysts on the biomass part of the waste sample is very similar. The thermal decomposition of the plastic fraction is catalyzed mainly by β-zeolite and ZSM-5, as the thermogravimetric and the mass spectrometric data indicate. The pyrolysis results unambiguously show the cracking effects of the applied catalysts on the composition of the evolving hydrocarbon mixture. The yield of the aromatic products is increased significantly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)706-711
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume105
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - jan. 1 2017
Event8th International Conference on Applied Energy, ICAE 2016 - Beijing, China
Duration: okt. 8 2016okt. 11 2016

Fingerprint

Municipal solid waste
Catalysts
Pyrolysis
Zeolites
Decomposition
Mass spectrometry
Biomass
Plastics
Heating rate
Gas chromatography
Molybdenum
Thermogravimetric analysis
Hydrocarbons
Nickel
Chemical analysis
Gases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Thermocatalytic Studies on Municipal Solid Waste. / Sebestyén, Z.; Miskolczi, N.; Barta-Rajnai, E.; Jakab, E.; Czégény, Zs.

In: Energy Procedia, Vol. 105, 01.01.2017, p. 706-711.

Research output: Conference article

Sebestyén, Z. ; Miskolczi, N. ; Barta-Rajnai, E. ; Jakab, E. ; Czégény, Zs. / Thermocatalytic Studies on Municipal Solid Waste. In: Energy Procedia. 2017 ; Vol. 105. pp. 706-711.
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