The tricyclic antidepressant desipramine inhibited the neurotoxic, kainate-induced [Ca2+]i increases in CA1 pyramidal cells in acute hippocampal slices

István Koncz, Bernadett K. Szász, Szilárd I. Szabó, János P. Kiss, Árpád Mike, Balázs Lendvai, E. Sylvester Vizi, Tibor Zelles

Research output: Article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kainate (KA), used for modelling neurodegenerative diseases, evokes excitotoxicity. However, the precise mechanism of KA-evoked [Ca2+]i increase is unexplored, especially in acute brain slice preparations. We used [Ca2+]i imaging and patch clamp electrophysiology to decipher the mechanism of KA-evoked [Ca2+]i rise and its inhibition by the tricyclic antidepressant desipramine (DMI) in CA1 pyramidal cells in rat hippocampal slices and in cultured hippocampal cells. The effect of KA was dose-dependent and relied totally on extracellular Ca2+. The lack of effect of dl-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (AP-5) and abolishment of the response by 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) suggested the involvement of non-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (non-NMDARs). The predominant role of the Ca2+-impermeable α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate receptors (AMPARs) in the initiation of the Ca2+ response was supported by the inhibitory effect of the selective AMPAR antagonist GYKI 53655 and the ineffectiveness of 1-naphthyl acetylspermine (NASPM), an inhibitor of the Ca2+-permeable AMPARs. The voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCC), blocked by ω-Conotoxin MVIIC+nifedipine+NiCl2, contributed to the [Ca2+]i rise. VGCCs were also involved, similarly to AMPAR current, in the KA-evoked depolarisation. Inhibition of voltage-gated Na+ channels (VGSCs; tetrodotoxin, TTX) did not affect the depolarisation of pyramidal cells but blocked the depolarisation-evoked action potential bursts and reduced the Ca2+ response. The tricyclic antidepressant DMI inhibited the KA-evoked [Ca2+]i rise in a dose-dependent manner. It directly attenuated the AMPA-/KAR current, but its more potent inhibition on the Ca2+ response supports additional effect on VGCCs, VGSCs and Na+/Ca2+ exchangers. The multitarget action on decisive players of excitotoxicity holds out more promise in clinical therapy of neurodegenerative diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-51
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - máj. 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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