The role of structural flexibility and stability in the interaction of serine proteases with their inhibitors

László Gráf, Tamás Molnár, József Kardos, Zoltán Gáspári, Gergely Katona

Research output: Article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Serine proteases and their natural inhibitors have long been served as excellent models for studying (primary, secondary and tertiary) structure - activity relationships of biologically interacting proteins. As protein flexibility has been accepted as a “fourth dimension” of the protein structure, its contribution to the binding process has gained much interest. In this article we review extreme cases of serine protease interactions with canonical serine protease inhibitors that provide unique insights into the dynamics of protein- protein interactions. The major conclusions of our review article are: a) taxon-specific inhibitory effects of two highly homologous protease inhibitors from Schistocerca gregaria (SGCI and SGTI), as investigated by H/D exchange experiments and NMR spectroscopy, are due to their differential flexibilities, b) stabilities of some protease and inhibitor complexes, the wide-spread and increased flexibility of some segments in the protein-protein complexes, as studied by X-ray crystallography and NMR-spectroscopy, appear to be proportional to the physical stability of the complex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-531
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Protein and Peptide Science
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - júl. 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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