Although synthetic corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is known to influence the secretion of the neurohypophysial hormones, the role of endogenous CRH in the rat brain is still unclear in this respect. Accordingly, experiments were scheduled to study the effects of intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) administered CRH-antiserum (AS) on the hyperosmosis-induced secretion of arginine-8-vasopressin (AVP), oxytocin (OXT) and corticosterone in Wistar male rats. A 2 μl CRH-AS injection was given, and repeated 24 h later, 30 min prior to intraperitoneal administration of hypertonic saline (HS; 2.5% NaCl, 2 ml 100 g body weight) followed by decapitation in 15 min. Plasma AVP and OXT were measured by radioimmunoassay and corticosterone by fluorimetry. HS increased the levels of AVP, OXT and corticosterone. CRH-AS did not change the plasma concentrations of these hormones in 0.9% NaCl-treated animals. CRH-AS pretreatment prevented the corticosterone-releasing action of HS, and significantly moderated the HS-induced AVP and OXT increase. These findings suggest that the central CRH system may participate in the regulation of corticosterone and neurohypophysial hormone secretion evoked by acute osmotic challenge.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience