Transplantation-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a serious complication of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with high mortality rate. We retrospectively studied the frequency, clinical and genetic associations and prognostic effect of TA-TMA, in a total of 425 consecutive adult patients, who underwent allo-HSCT for a malignant haematological condition between 2007 and 2013 at our single centre. TA-TMA developed in 19% of the patients. Unrelated donor type (P<0.001), acute GvHD grades II-IV (P<0.001), myeloablative conditioning regimens (P=0.003), tacrolimus-based GvHD prophylaxis (P=0.003), CMV infection (P=0.003) and carriership for HLA-DRB1∗11 (P=0.034) were associated with the development of TA-TMA. Survival was adversely affected by the presence of TA-TMA (P<0.001). Among patients with TA-TMA, the outcome of HLA-DRB1∗11 carriers was significantly better compared with non-carriers (P=0.003). As a new finding, our observations suggest that the presence of HLA-DRB1∗11 antigen contributes to the development of TA-TMA and affects the outcome.
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