A gyermekkori figyelemhiányos hiperaktivitási zavar lehetséges szerepe a fiatalkori heroinfüggôség kialakulásában.

Agnes Szilágyi, C. Barta, Krisztina Boór, A. Székely, Z. Demetrovics, József Csorba, H. Kalász, M. Sasvári

Research output: Article

Abstract

Several studies suggested a possible link between substance use disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome (ADHD). The ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) completed by parents is a tool for diagnosing ADHD in childhood. We adapted this questionnaire for a self-report retrospective scale to estimate the presence of childhood ADHD symptoms in adults. This retrospective questionnaire was completed by 121 heroin dependent patients and 85 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The ADHD Rating Scale Retrospective Questionnaire is a novel tool for assessing ADHD symptoms that demonstrated high validity. Our results showed strong gender difference in the prevalence of ADHD symptoms, since male subjects obtained higher mean scores of both attention-deficit and hyperactivity scales than females in both the control and the heroin dependent population. Besides, mean score of both scales were higher in the clinical population as a higher portion of substance abusers reported symptoms of childhood ADHD than controls. These results support the hypothesis that untreated childhood ADHD could be a risk factor for developing substance use disorder.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)69-75
Number of pages7
JournalNeuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - jún. 2007

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Heroin Dependence
Heroin
Substance-Related Disorders
Self Report
Population
Parents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "A gyermekkori figyelemhi{\'a}nyos hiperaktivit{\'a}si zavar lehets{\'e}ges szerepe a fiatalkori heroinf{\"u}gg{\^o}s{\'e}g kialakul{\'a}s{\'a}ban.",
abstract = "Several studies suggested a possible link between substance use disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome (ADHD). The ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) completed by parents is a tool for diagnosing ADHD in childhood. We adapted this questionnaire for a self-report retrospective scale to estimate the presence of childhood ADHD symptoms in adults. This retrospective questionnaire was completed by 121 heroin dependent patients and 85 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The ADHD Rating Scale Retrospective Questionnaire is a novel tool for assessing ADHD symptoms that demonstrated high validity. Our results showed strong gender difference in the prevalence of ADHD symptoms, since male subjects obtained higher mean scores of both attention-deficit and hyperactivity scales than females in both the control and the heroin dependent population. Besides, mean score of both scales were higher in the clinical population as a higher portion of substance abusers reported symptoms of childhood ADHD than controls. These results support the hypothesis that untreated childhood ADHD could be a risk factor for developing substance use disorder.",
author = "Agnes Szil{\'a}gyi and C. Barta and Krisztina Bo{\'o}r and A. Sz{\'e}kely and Z. Demetrovics and J{\'o}zsef Csorba and H. Kal{\'a}sz and M. Sasv{\'a}ri",
year = "2007",
month = "6",
language = "Hungarian",
volume = "9",
pages = "69--75",
journal = "Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - A gyermekkori figyelemhiányos hiperaktivitási zavar lehetséges szerepe a fiatalkori heroinfüggôség kialakulásában.

AU - Szilágyi, Agnes

AU - Barta, C.

AU - Boór, Krisztina

AU - Székely, A.

AU - Demetrovics, Z.

AU - Csorba, József

AU - Kalász, H.

AU - Sasvári, M.

PY - 2007/6

Y1 - 2007/6

N2 - Several studies suggested a possible link between substance use disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome (ADHD). The ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) completed by parents is a tool for diagnosing ADHD in childhood. We adapted this questionnaire for a self-report retrospective scale to estimate the presence of childhood ADHD symptoms in adults. This retrospective questionnaire was completed by 121 heroin dependent patients and 85 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The ADHD Rating Scale Retrospective Questionnaire is a novel tool for assessing ADHD symptoms that demonstrated high validity. Our results showed strong gender difference in the prevalence of ADHD symptoms, since male subjects obtained higher mean scores of both attention-deficit and hyperactivity scales than females in both the control and the heroin dependent population. Besides, mean score of both scales were higher in the clinical population as a higher portion of substance abusers reported symptoms of childhood ADHD than controls. These results support the hypothesis that untreated childhood ADHD could be a risk factor for developing substance use disorder.

AB - Several studies suggested a possible link between substance use disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome (ADHD). The ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) completed by parents is a tool for diagnosing ADHD in childhood. We adapted this questionnaire for a self-report retrospective scale to estimate the presence of childhood ADHD symptoms in adults. This retrospective questionnaire was completed by 121 heroin dependent patients and 85 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The ADHD Rating Scale Retrospective Questionnaire is a novel tool for assessing ADHD symptoms that demonstrated high validity. Our results showed strong gender difference in the prevalence of ADHD symptoms, since male subjects obtained higher mean scores of both attention-deficit and hyperactivity scales than females in both the control and the heroin dependent population. Besides, mean score of both scales were higher in the clinical population as a higher portion of substance abusers reported symptoms of childhood ADHD than controls. These results support the hypothesis that untreated childhood ADHD could be a risk factor for developing substance use disorder.

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