Salsolinol, an endogenous isoquinoline, induces selective prolactin release in rats [Tóth, B.E., Homicskó, K., Radnai, B., Maruyama, W., DeMaria, J.E., Vecsernyés, M., Fekete, M.I.K., Fülöp, F., Naoi, M., Freeman, M.E., Nagy, G.M., 2001. Salsolinol is a putative neurointermediate lobe prolactin releasing factor. J. Neuroendocrinol. 13, 1042-1050]. The possible role of dopaminergic and adrenergic signal transduction was investigated to learn the mechanism of this action. The effect of salsolinol (10 mg/kg i.v.) was inhibited by reserpine treatment (2.5 mg/kg i.p.) and reinstated by pretreatment with monoamine oxidase inhibitor (pargyline 75 mg/kg i.p.). Salsolinol did not affect the in vitro release of dopamine (DA) in the median eminence, and did not inhibit the L-DOPA induced increase of DA level in the median eminence. 1-Methyl dihydroisoquinoline (1MeDIQ) is an antagonist of salsolinol induced prolactin release and causes increase in plasma NE level [Mravec, B., Bodnár, I., Fekete, M.I.K., Nagy, G.M., Kvetnansky, R., 2004. An antagonist of prolactoliberine induces an increase in plasma catecholamine levels in the rat. Autonom. Neurosci. 115, 35-40]. Using tissue catecholamine contents as indicators of the interaction between salsolinol and 1MeDIQ we found no interaction between these two agents to explain the changes in prolactin release in the median eminence, lobes of the pituitary, superior cervical and stellate ganglion. Increasing doses of salsolinol caused a dose dependent decrease of tissue dopamine concentration and increase of NE/DA ratio in the salivary gland, atrium and spleen. These changes of DA level and NE/DA ratio run parallel in time with the increase of prolactin release. 1MeDIQ antagonized the increase of prolactin release and decrease of tissue DA content caused by salsolinol. Neither this increase of prolactin secretion nor the decrease of DA level in spleen could be demonstrated in NE transporter (NET) knock out mice. The results presented argue for the possible role of peripheral norepinephrine release as a target for salsolinol in its action releasing prolactin. The dominant role of norepinephrine transporter may be suggested.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology