Experimental enthalpies of formation have been approximated using single-point Hartree-Fock (HF)-self-consistent-field (SCF) total energies plus the rapid estimation of basis set error and correlation energy from partial charges (REBECEP) energy corrections. The energy corrections are calculated from the HF-SCF partial atomic charges and optimized atomic energy parameters. The performance of the method was tested on 51 closed-shell neutral molecules (50 molecules from the G3/99 thermochemistry database plus urea, composed of H, C, N, O, and F atoms). The predictive force of the method is demonstrated, because these larger molecules were not used for the optimization of the atomic parameters. We used the earlier RECEP-3 [HF/ 6-311+G(2d,p)] and REBECEP [HF/6-31G(d)] atomic parameter sets obtained from the G2/97 thermochemistry database (containing small molecules) together with natural population analysis and Mulliken partial charges. The best results were obtained using the natural population analysis charges, although the Mulliken charges also provide useful results. The root-mean-square deviations from the experimental enthalpies of formation for the selected 51 molecules are 1.15, 3.96, and 2.92 kcal/mol for Gaussian-3, B3LYP/6-11+ G(3df,2p), and REBECEP (natural population analysis) enthalpies of formation, respectively (the corresponding average absolute deviations are 0.94, 7.09, and 2.27 kcal/ mol, respectively). The REBECEP method performs considerably better for the 51 test molecules with a moderate 6-31G(d) basis set than the B3LYP method with a large 6-311+G(3df,2p) basis set.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry