The innervation of the gastrointestinal tract of a chelonian reptile, Pseudemys scripta elegans - II. Distribution of neuropeptides in the myenteric plexus

D. W. Scheuermann, R. Gabriel, J. P. Timmermans, D. Adriaensen, M. H.A. De Groodt-Lasseel

Research output: Review article

13 Citations (Scopus)


The myenteric plexus of the stomach, midgut and hindgut of the red-eared turtle, Pseudemys scripta elegans, has been investigated for the occurrence of immunoreactivity to nine neuropeptides. Neuropeptide Y (NPY)-, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-, bombesin (BOM)- as well as substance P (SP)-like immunoreactivity (LI) were found in nerve fibres of all investigated gut regions. From all peptides investigated immunoreactivity for NPY was most pronounced. In the stomach NPY-LI was mainly found in the perikarya, while in the midgut region both NPY-immunoreactive (IR) somata and nerve fibres were revealed. The hindgut harboured few NPY-IR nerve cells and nerve fibres. A few SP-IR nerve cell bodies were observed in the stomach and midgut region. In the hindgut BOM-IR neuronal cell bodies were found. Neuromedin U (NMU)-LI was mainly observed in the stomach region, revealing both immunoreactive perikarya and nerve fibres. Immunoreactivity for vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, somatostatin, galanin and enkephalin could not be detected so far. Double labelling experiments revealed the coexistence of CGRP and SP in some nerve fibres in all three gut regions examined. Some SP-IR fibres in the midgut were immunoreactive for NMU.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-411
Number of pages9
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - febr. 1 1991


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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