The replication of positive strand RNA viruses in plant cells is markedly influenced by the desaturation status of fatty acid chains in lipids of intracellular plant membranes. At present, little is known about the role of lipid desaturation in the replication of tobamoviruses. Therefore, we investigated the expression of fatty acid desaturase (FAD) genes and the fatty acid composition of pepper leaves inoculated with two different tobamoviruses. Obuda pepper virus (ObPV) inoculation induced a hypersensitive reaction (incompatible interaction) while Pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV) inoculation caused a systemic infection (compatible interaction). Changes in the expression of 16 FADs were monitored in pepper leaves following ObPV and PMMoV inoculations. ObPV inoculation rapidly and markedly upregulated seven Δ12-FADs that encode enzymes putatively located in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. In contrast, PMMoV inoculation resulted in a weaker but rapid upregulation of two Δ12-FADs and a Δ15-FAD. The expression of genes encoding plastidial FADs was not influenced neither by ObPV nor by PMMoV. In accordance with gene expression results, a significant accumulation of linoleic acid was observed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in ObPV-, but not in PMMoV-inoculated leaves. ObPV inoculation led to a marked accumulation of H2O2 in the inoculated leaves. Therefore, the effect of H2O2 treatments on the expression of six tobamovirus-inducible FADs was also studied. The expression of these FADs was upregulated to different degrees by H2O2 that correlated with ObPV-inducibility of these FADs. These results underline the importance of further studies on the role of pepper FADs in pepper-tobamovirus interactions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science