The expression of a progesterone-induced immunomodulatory protein in pregnancy lymphocytes

J. Szekeres-Barthó, Z. S. Faust, P. Varga

Research output: Article

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Abstract

PROBLEM: The immunological effects of progesterone are mediated by a protein, named the progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF). The PIBF blocks NK activity in vitro and therefore prevents the abortive effect of high NK activity in mice. Increased NK activity has been suggested to play a role in pregnancy termination; thus NK inhibitory effect of the PIPE should contribute to the maintenance of normal gestation. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between in vivo PIBF-producing capacity and in vitro cytotoxic activity of pregnancy lymphocytes, as well as the clinical status or the outcome of pregnancy. METHOD: Lymphocytes of 168 pregnant women (96 normal pregnancies, 16 showing clinical symptoms of threatened preterm pregnancy termination, 46 recurrent aborters, and 10 women sampled at the onset of spontaneous abortion or preterm delivery) were isolated on Ficoll-Paque gradient. The lymphocytes were tested for reactivity with a PIBF-specific antibody by immunocytochemistry, and simultaneously for cytotoxic activity to human embryonic fibroblast targets. RESULTS: The percentage of PIBF-positive lymphocytes in peripheral blood of healthy pregnant women was significantly higher than in that of women at risk for premature pregnancy termination. In peripheral blood of patients undergoing spontaneous pregnancy termination at the time of sampling, and in those of women showing symptoms of premature pregnancy termination we found lower than normal percentage of PIBF-positive cells. PIPE expression of the lymphocytes showed an inverse correlation with NK activity, and the rate of PIBF positive lymphocytes was related to the outcome of pregnancy. CONCLUSION: These data suggest a strong relationship between PIBF producing capacity as well as NK activity of the lymphocytes and the success of gestation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-348
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume34
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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Pregnancy Proteins
Progesterone
Lymphocytes
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Outcome
Pregnant Women
Ficoll
blocking factor
Spontaneous Abortion
Human Activities
Fibroblasts
Immunohistochemistry
Maintenance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

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title = "The expression of a progesterone-induced immunomodulatory protein in pregnancy lymphocytes",
abstract = "PROBLEM: The immunological effects of progesterone are mediated by a protein, named the progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF). The PIBF blocks NK activity in vitro and therefore prevents the abortive effect of high NK activity in mice. Increased NK activity has been suggested to play a role in pregnancy termination; thus NK inhibitory effect of the PIPE should contribute to the maintenance of normal gestation. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between in vivo PIBF-producing capacity and in vitro cytotoxic activity of pregnancy lymphocytes, as well as the clinical status or the outcome of pregnancy. METHOD: Lymphocytes of 168 pregnant women (96 normal pregnancies, 16 showing clinical symptoms of threatened preterm pregnancy termination, 46 recurrent aborters, and 10 women sampled at the onset of spontaneous abortion or preterm delivery) were isolated on Ficoll-Paque gradient. The lymphocytes were tested for reactivity with a PIBF-specific antibody by immunocytochemistry, and simultaneously for cytotoxic activity to human embryonic fibroblast targets. RESULTS: The percentage of PIBF-positive lymphocytes in peripheral blood of healthy pregnant women was significantly higher than in that of women at risk for premature pregnancy termination. In peripheral blood of patients undergoing spontaneous pregnancy termination at the time of sampling, and in those of women showing symptoms of premature pregnancy termination we found lower than normal percentage of PIBF-positive cells. PIPE expression of the lymphocytes showed an inverse correlation with NK activity, and the rate of PIBF positive lymphocytes was related to the outcome of pregnancy. CONCLUSION: These data suggest a strong relationship between PIBF producing capacity as well as NK activity of the lymphocytes and the success of gestation.",
keywords = "NK activity, Pregnancy termination, Progesterone-dependent immunomodulation",
author = "J. Szekeres-Barth{\'o} and Faust, {Z. S.} and P. Varga",
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T1 - The expression of a progesterone-induced immunomodulatory protein in pregnancy lymphocytes

AU - Szekeres-Barthó, J.

AU - Faust, Z. S.

AU - Varga, P.

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - PROBLEM: The immunological effects of progesterone are mediated by a protein, named the progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF). The PIBF blocks NK activity in vitro and therefore prevents the abortive effect of high NK activity in mice. Increased NK activity has been suggested to play a role in pregnancy termination; thus NK inhibitory effect of the PIPE should contribute to the maintenance of normal gestation. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between in vivo PIBF-producing capacity and in vitro cytotoxic activity of pregnancy lymphocytes, as well as the clinical status or the outcome of pregnancy. METHOD: Lymphocytes of 168 pregnant women (96 normal pregnancies, 16 showing clinical symptoms of threatened preterm pregnancy termination, 46 recurrent aborters, and 10 women sampled at the onset of spontaneous abortion or preterm delivery) were isolated on Ficoll-Paque gradient. The lymphocytes were tested for reactivity with a PIBF-specific antibody by immunocytochemistry, and simultaneously for cytotoxic activity to human embryonic fibroblast targets. RESULTS: The percentage of PIBF-positive lymphocytes in peripheral blood of healthy pregnant women was significantly higher than in that of women at risk for premature pregnancy termination. In peripheral blood of patients undergoing spontaneous pregnancy termination at the time of sampling, and in those of women showing symptoms of premature pregnancy termination we found lower than normal percentage of PIBF-positive cells. PIPE expression of the lymphocytes showed an inverse correlation with NK activity, and the rate of PIBF positive lymphocytes was related to the outcome of pregnancy. CONCLUSION: These data suggest a strong relationship between PIBF producing capacity as well as NK activity of the lymphocytes and the success of gestation.

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