The purpose of this work was to estimate the prevalence of hypertension and cardiovascular risk factors and its association with sociodemographic, behavioural and lifestyle characteristics among the adult population of the city of Debrecen, Hungary. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 1996. Amongst 21 800 inhabitants aged 30-65 y risk screening for cardiovascular disease (CVD) was estimated by a questionnaire that included sociodemographic, lifestyle characteristics, family history of CVD and results of self-reported data of body weight, height and blood pressure. Of the total of 19 961 surveyed sample, 37.02% were considered to be hypertensive, 53.73% were overweight, 32.18% were current smokers and 58.85% were physically inactive. Hypertensives were older than normotensives (50.81 ± 9.01 vs 44.78 ± 8.97 y, P < 0.001). The prevalence of various risk factors amongst hypertensives as compared to normotensives were overweight (68.49 vs 45.06%, P < 0.0001), current smoking (28.38 vs 34.41%, P < 0.0001), physical inactivity (64.78 vs 55.36%, P < 0.001), and high alcohol consumption (1.91 vs 1.06%, P < 0.01). Of the hypertensives 37.11% were on drug therapy. Of those on therapy, only 17.03% had normal blood pressure. Being overweight and having low physical activity was positively associated with hypertension (OR = 2.25, CI = 2.11 - 2.40) and (OR = 1.26, CI = 1.15 - 1.38). Manual work, a family history of CVD, low education, and the male gender were also associated with hypertension and more CVD risk factors. These findings illustrate a very high prevalence of hypertension and CVD risk factors in Debrecen, indicating the importance of the need for more effective prevention programmes and control of hypertension in Hungary. Public Health (2002) 116, 138-144. Doi:10.1038/sj.ph.1900840.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health