The designer proline-rich antibacterial peptide A3-APO is effective against systemic Escherichia coli infections in different mouse models

Dora Szabo, Eszter Ostorhazi, Annegret Binas, Ferenc Rozgonyi, Bela Kocsis, Marco Cassone, John D. Wade, Oliver Nolte, Laszlo Otvos

Research output: Article

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antimicrobial peptides are considered to be viable alternatives to conventional antibiotics. However, they rarely show systemic efficacy in animal models when added at non-toxic doses. The dimer A3-APO was designed to attack both the bacterial membrane and the Enterobacteriaceae-specific domain of the heat shock protein DnaK in order to reduce toxicity whilst maintaining activity. The peptide exhibited a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) range of 2-128 mg/L against 28 clinical Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strains, with a median MIC of 30 mg/L. At this concentration, A3-APO was bactericidal to E. coli 5770, a fluoroquinolone-resistant extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing strain. The No Observed Adverse Effect Limit (NOAEL) at repeated intraperitoneal peptide administration was 20 mg/kg. When administered at this dose three times starting immediately after E. coli Neumann infection, A3-APO cured 100% of mice in a standard bacteraemia model used by the pharmaceutical industry. In a more stringent assay, when treatment started after E. coli 5770 bacteraemia had already been established, three doses of 10 mg/kg A3-APO prolonged early survival at a rate similar to that of imipenem and reduced the bacterial counts to base level. When the second assay was repeated in kidney clearance conditions resembling those in humans, 10 mg/kg A3-APO was as efficacious as imipenem in the long-term. The increased in vivo efficacy compared with the in vitro bactericidal figures can potentially be explained by the generally observable immunostimulatory properties of antimicrobial peptides. Peptide A3-APO shows promising features as a member in our antibiotic arsenal against multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-361
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - ápr. 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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