Previous studies have suggested that both angiotensin II type-1 receptor (AT1R) 1166C and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677T variants can have disadvantageous effects on the small-vessel circulation under certain conditions. The purpose of this study was to analyze the possible consequences of the simultaneous distribution of these two genetic variants in different types of ischemic stroke. The genetic and clinical data on 357 ischemic stroke patients and 263 control subjects were analyzed by using univariate and logistic statistical approaches. Neither the MTHFR677T nor the AT1R 1166C genetic variant alone conferred the risk of any subtype of ischemic stroke. The combination of the homozygous MTHFR 677TT genotype and at least one AT1R 1166C allele occurred more frequently in the ischemic stroke patients (8.68%) than in the controls (4.56%, p<0.05). Specific subclassification of the patients revealed an accumulation of this combination in small-vessel-associated ischemic stroke (12.2%, p<0.01); multivariate logistic regression analysis of the data confirmed this association, with an odds ratio of 2.66 (95% confidence interval, 1.28-7.89; p<0.05). These findings suggest that the combination of these two genetic factors can contribute to the development of small-vessel cerebral infarcts. Although the exact mechanism of action is not known, addition of the unfavourable effects on the endothelial function can be presumed.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Molecular Neuroscience|
|Publication status||Published - márc. 1 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience