The C-terminal domain of the 2b protein of Cucumber mosaic virus is stabilized by divalent metal ion coordination

Ákos Gellért, Katalin Nemes, Katalin Kádár, K. Salánki, E. Balázs

Research output: Article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main function of the 2b protein of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is binding permanently the double stranded siRNA molecules in the suppression process of post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS). The crystal structure of the homologue Tomato aspermy virus (TAV) 2b protein is known, but without the C-terminal domain. The biologically active form is a tetramer: four 2b protein molecules and two siRNA duplexes. Regarding the complete 2b protein structure, we performed a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of the whole siRNA-2b ribonucleoprotein complex. Unfortunately, the C-terminal domain is proved to be partially unstructured. Multiple sequence alignment showed a well conserved motif between residues 94 and 105. The negatively charged residues of the C-terminal domain are supposed to take part in coordination of a divalent metal ion and stabilize the three-dimensional structure of the C-terminal domain. MD simulations were performed on the detached C-terminal domains (aa 65-110). 0.15 M MgCl2, CaCl2, FeCl2 and ZnCl2 salt concentrations were used in the screening simulations. Among the tested divalent metal ions Mg2+ proved to be very successful because Asp95, Asp96 and Asp98 forms a quasi-permanent Mg2+ binding site. However the control computations have resulted in any (at least) divalent metal ion remains in the binding site after replacement of the bound Mg2+ ion. A quadruple mutation (Rs2DDTD/95-98/AAAA) was introduced into the position of the putative divalent metal ion binding site to analyze the biological relevance of molecular modeling derived hypothesis. The plant inoculation experiments proved that the movement of the mutant virus is slower and the symptoms are milder comparing to the wild type virus. These results demonstrate that the quadruple mutation weakens the stability of the 2b protein tetramer-siRNA ribonucleoprotein complex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-454
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling
Volume38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - szept. 2012

Fingerprint

viruses
Viruses
Small Interfering RNA
Metal ions
metal ions
proteins
Proteins
Binding sites
Ribonucleoproteins
Binding Sites
Molecular dynamics
mutations
Magnesium Chloride
Molecules
Molecular modeling
tomatoes
molecular dynamics
Computer simulation
simulation
inoculation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

@article{25fa1bee385043bfabd017db31961247,
title = "The C-terminal domain of the 2b protein of Cucumber mosaic virus is stabilized by divalent metal ion coordination",
abstract = "The main function of the 2b protein of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is binding permanently the double stranded siRNA molecules in the suppression process of post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS). The crystal structure of the homologue Tomato aspermy virus (TAV) 2b protein is known, but without the C-terminal domain. The biologically active form is a tetramer: four 2b protein molecules and two siRNA duplexes. Regarding the complete 2b protein structure, we performed a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of the whole siRNA-2b ribonucleoprotein complex. Unfortunately, the C-terminal domain is proved to be partially unstructured. Multiple sequence alignment showed a well conserved motif between residues 94 and 105. The negatively charged residues of the C-terminal domain are supposed to take part in coordination of a divalent metal ion and stabilize the three-dimensional structure of the C-terminal domain. MD simulations were performed on the detached C-terminal domains (aa 65-110). 0.15 M MgCl2, CaCl2, FeCl2 and ZnCl2 salt concentrations were used in the screening simulations. Among the tested divalent metal ions Mg2+ proved to be very successful because Asp95, Asp96 and Asp98 forms a quasi-permanent Mg2+ binding site. However the control computations have resulted in any (at least) divalent metal ion remains in the binding site after replacement of the bound Mg2+ ion. A quadruple mutation (Rs2DDTD/95-98/AAAA) was introduced into the position of the putative divalent metal ion binding site to analyze the biological relevance of molecular modeling derived hypothesis. The plant inoculation experiments proved that the movement of the mutant virus is slower and the symptoms are milder comparing to the wild type virus. These results demonstrate that the quadruple mutation weakens the stability of the 2b protein tetramer-siRNA ribonucleoprotein complex.",
keywords = "CMV 2b protein, Cucumoviruses, Intrinsically disordered proteins, Metal ion binding site, Molecular dynamics simulation, Protein structure prediction",
author = "{\'A}kos Gell{\'e}rt and Katalin Nemes and Katalin K{\'a}d{\'a}r and K. Sal{\'a}nki and E. Bal{\'a}zs",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.jmgm.2012.08.005",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "446--454",
journal = "Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling",
issn = "1093-3263",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - The C-terminal domain of the 2b protein of Cucumber mosaic virus is stabilized by divalent metal ion coordination

AU - Gellért, Ákos

AU - Nemes, Katalin

AU - Kádár, Katalin

AU - Salánki, K.

AU - Balázs, E.

PY - 2012/9

Y1 - 2012/9

N2 - The main function of the 2b protein of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is binding permanently the double stranded siRNA molecules in the suppression process of post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS). The crystal structure of the homologue Tomato aspermy virus (TAV) 2b protein is known, but without the C-terminal domain. The biologically active form is a tetramer: four 2b protein molecules and two siRNA duplexes. Regarding the complete 2b protein structure, we performed a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of the whole siRNA-2b ribonucleoprotein complex. Unfortunately, the C-terminal domain is proved to be partially unstructured. Multiple sequence alignment showed a well conserved motif between residues 94 and 105. The negatively charged residues of the C-terminal domain are supposed to take part in coordination of a divalent metal ion and stabilize the three-dimensional structure of the C-terminal domain. MD simulations were performed on the detached C-terminal domains (aa 65-110). 0.15 M MgCl2, CaCl2, FeCl2 and ZnCl2 salt concentrations were used in the screening simulations. Among the tested divalent metal ions Mg2+ proved to be very successful because Asp95, Asp96 and Asp98 forms a quasi-permanent Mg2+ binding site. However the control computations have resulted in any (at least) divalent metal ion remains in the binding site after replacement of the bound Mg2+ ion. A quadruple mutation (Rs2DDTD/95-98/AAAA) was introduced into the position of the putative divalent metal ion binding site to analyze the biological relevance of molecular modeling derived hypothesis. The plant inoculation experiments proved that the movement of the mutant virus is slower and the symptoms are milder comparing to the wild type virus. These results demonstrate that the quadruple mutation weakens the stability of the 2b protein tetramer-siRNA ribonucleoprotein complex.

AB - The main function of the 2b protein of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is binding permanently the double stranded siRNA molecules in the suppression process of post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS). The crystal structure of the homologue Tomato aspermy virus (TAV) 2b protein is known, but without the C-terminal domain. The biologically active form is a tetramer: four 2b protein molecules and two siRNA duplexes. Regarding the complete 2b protein structure, we performed a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of the whole siRNA-2b ribonucleoprotein complex. Unfortunately, the C-terminal domain is proved to be partially unstructured. Multiple sequence alignment showed a well conserved motif between residues 94 and 105. The negatively charged residues of the C-terminal domain are supposed to take part in coordination of a divalent metal ion and stabilize the three-dimensional structure of the C-terminal domain. MD simulations were performed on the detached C-terminal domains (aa 65-110). 0.15 M MgCl2, CaCl2, FeCl2 and ZnCl2 salt concentrations were used in the screening simulations. Among the tested divalent metal ions Mg2+ proved to be very successful because Asp95, Asp96 and Asp98 forms a quasi-permanent Mg2+ binding site. However the control computations have resulted in any (at least) divalent metal ion remains in the binding site after replacement of the bound Mg2+ ion. A quadruple mutation (Rs2DDTD/95-98/AAAA) was introduced into the position of the putative divalent metal ion binding site to analyze the biological relevance of molecular modeling derived hypothesis. The plant inoculation experiments proved that the movement of the mutant virus is slower and the symptoms are milder comparing to the wild type virus. These results demonstrate that the quadruple mutation weakens the stability of the 2b protein tetramer-siRNA ribonucleoprotein complex.

KW - CMV 2b protein

KW - Cucumoviruses

KW - Intrinsically disordered proteins

KW - Metal ion binding site

KW - Molecular dynamics simulation

KW - Protein structure prediction

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