Objective: Hydroxyethylrutoside (HER), a flavonoid derivate drug, used frequently in pregnant women for the treatment of vascular diseases. The aim of this case-control study was to evaluate the teratogenic potential of oral HER treatment in the population-based Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance System of Congenital Abnormalities. Methods: Comparative analysis of exposure (HER treatment) during pregnancy in the mothers of cases with congenital abnormalities and matched control newborns without any defect in the population-based Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance System of Congenital Abnormalities. Results: Of the 22843 cases with congenital abnormalities, 567 (2.5%) had mothers with HER treatment while of 38151 matched controls, 1143 (3.0%) were born to mothers with HER treatment (OR with 95% CI: 0.8, 0.7-0.9). However, an association of HER treatment during the second and/or third month of pregnancy was found with the higher risk of unilateral ocular coloboma (OR with 95% CI: 5.4, 2.2-12.9) and a new congenital abnormality syndrome including anotia/microtia, poly/syndactyly and caudal (genital and anal) defects (OR with 95% CI: 3.0, 1.3-27.4). Conclusions: Oral HER treatment during early pregnancy associates with a higher risk for ocular coloboma and for a newly delineated congenital abnormality syndrome.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology