Synthesis of bamboo - Structured multiwalled carbon nanotubes by spray pyrolysis method, using a mixture of benzene and pyridine

P. Nemes-Incze, N. Daróczi, Z. Sárközi, A. A. Koós, K. Kertész, O. Ţiprigan, Z. E. Horváth, A. L. Darabont, L. P. Biró

Research output: Article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spray pyrolysis is one of the most widely used methods for carbon nanotube synthesis. This is mainly because of its scalability and the low cost of the carbon nanotubes produced. In our synthesis experiments, multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) are formed by spraying a solution of ferrocene-liquid hydrocarbon into a quartz reactor, heated to a temperature of around 800°C, with the aid of Ar gas. The most suitable carbon sources are found to be benzene and its derivatives (toluene, xylene). In our current paper we report, how this simple method can be used, to produce MWCNTs with bamboo structure, as evidenced by TEM and HRTEM measurements. Bamboo-structured MWCNTs are obtained by adding pyridine to the ferrocene-benzene solution. We have studied the effect of pyridine concentration on the ratio and morphology of the bamboo MWCNTs in the obtained samples. Such bamboo-shaped nanotubes are known to contain nitrogen incorporated into their structure. The nitrogen doping has an important effect on the physical properties of carbon nanotubes. Potential applications of doped nanotubes include gas sensors, nanoscale emitters and nanoelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1525-1529
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials
Volume9
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - máj. 2007

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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