177Lu Labeled Cyclic Minigastrin Analogues with Therapeutic Activity in CCK2R Expressing Tumors: Preclinical Evaluation of a Kit Formulation

Christine Rangger, Maximilian Klingler, Lajos Balogh, Zita Pöstényi, Andras Polyak, Dariusz Pawlak, Renata Mikołajczak, Elisabeth Von Guggenberg

Research output: Article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Minigastrin (MG) analogues specifically target cholecystokinin-2 receptors (CCK2R) expressed in different tumors and enable targeted radiotherapy of advanced and disseminated disease when radiolabeled with a beta emitter such as 177Lu. Especially truncated MG analogues missing the penta-Glu sequence are associated with low kidney retention and seem therefore most promising for therapeutic use. Based on [d-Glu1,desGlu2-6]MG (MG11) we have designed the two cyclic MG analogues cyclo1,9[γ-d-Glu1,desGlu2-6,d-Lys9]MG (cyclo-MG1) and cyclo1,9[γ-d-Glu1,desGlu2-6,d-Lys9,Nle11]MG (cyclo-MG2). In the present work we have developed and preclinically evaluated a pharmaceutical kit formulation for the labeling with 177Lu of the two DOTA-conjugated cyclic MG analogues. The stability of the kits during storage as well as the stability of the radiolabeled peptides was investigated. A cell line stably transfected with human CCK2R and a control cell line without receptor expression were used for in vitro and in vivo studies with the radioligands prepared from kit formulations. In terms of stability 177Lu-DOTA-cyclo-MG2 showed advantages over 177Lu-DOTA-cyclo-MG1. Still, for both radioligands a high receptor-mediated cell uptake and favorable pharmacokinetic profile combining receptor-specific tumor uptake with low unspecific tissue uptake and low kidney retention were confirmed. Investigating the therapy efficacy and treatment toxicity in xenografted BALB/c nude mice a receptor-specific and comparable therapeutic effect could be demonstrated for both radioligands. A 1.7- to 2.6-fold increase in tumor volume doubling time was observed for receptor-positive tumors in treated versus untreated animals, which was 39-73% higher when compared to receptor-negative tumors. The treatment was connected with transient bone marrow toxicity and minor signs of kidney toxicity. All together the obtained results support further studies for the clinical translation of this new therapeutic approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3045-3058
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Pharmaceutics
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - szept. 5 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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