Sb doped SnO2 films prepared by DC sputtering and heating were characterized by 119Sn conversion electron Mössbauer spectrometry (CEMS). An asymmetric doublet was observed in the Mössbauer spectra of 1 %, 3 %, and 10 % Sb doped SnO2 films. The peak ratios of doublets are considered to be due to the columnar crystal growth on the substrate. With the doping level of Sb, both the isomer shift (δ) and the quadrupole splitting (Δ) increased. After annealing, δ increased and Δ decreased for each sample. These results suggest the followings. The electron doping of the SnO2 lattice by pentavalent Sb induces the increase of the electron density at the SnIV nucleus. The annealing process leads to more complete accommodation of the Sb dopant that results in more effective electron doping and therefore increasing isomer shift for tin. Simultaneously, the distortion of the lattice caused by Sb is relaxed and the quadrupole splitting decreases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry