Successful treatment of renal failure caused by multiple myeloma with HLA-identical living kidney and bone marrow transplantation: A case report

L. Wagner, L. Lengyel, G. Mikala, P. Reményi, L. Piros, J. Csomor, L. Fábry, A. Tordai, R. M. Langer, T. Masszi

Research output: Article

5 Citations (Scopus)


Here we have described a successful HLA-identical living allogeneic kidney transplantation after bone marrow transplantation in a patient with end-stag liver disease caused by multiple myeloma (MM). Our case is unique, because this combined transplantation is rarely possible and because of our unique immunosuppressive and management strategies. A 45-year-old man with ESRD MM and κ light-chain nephropathy was diagnosed. Cytostatic treatment resulted in partial remission, so autologous peripheral stem cell transplantation (SCT) was performed leading to a complete remission; however the patient remained anuric. The patient's HLA-identical brother offered to be a donor of peripheral stem cells for collection and cryopreservation. Kidney transplantation was performed with a combination of tacrolimus sirolimuns, and methylprednisolone. With a well-functioning kidney graft, allogeneic SCT was performed in the incipient relapse phase of MM, after total body irradiation. Severe oropharyngeal infections, diarrhea, sepsis, and renal failure. Fearing acute renal rejection, we administered steroid bolus. He experienced therapy with gradual restoration of kidney function. Then, steroid-responsive acute graft-versus-host disease (grade II, predominantly bowel) was diagnosed on the background of diarrhea, which returned once. Later he experienced a left subclavian vein thrombosis at the site of a central venous catheter and sepsis. Having recovered from these events, the patient enjoys good health, with stable kidney function and normal protein excretion. After the steroid was stopped, a bone marrow biopsy revealed full-donor type normocellular hemopoiesis. Because of the chimerism, we gradually discontinued the immunosuppression including, sirolimus and finally tacrolimus, since with minimal trough levels there were no complications. Bone marrow biopsy showed a complete remission. In MM with ESRD HLA-identical combined kidney and bone marrow transplantation from a living donor may offer not only complete remission and good renal function, but also good health without immunosuppression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3705-3707
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation proceedings
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - dec. 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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