Study on COgnition and Prognosis in the Elderly (SCOPE): Baseline characteristics

Lennart Hansson, H. Lithell, I. Skoog, F. Baro, C. M. Bánki, M. Breteler, A. Castaigne, M. Correia, J. P. Degaute, D. Elmfeldt, K. Engedal, C. Farsang, J. Ferro, V. Hachinski, A. Hofman, O. F.W. James, E. Krisin, M. Leeman, P. W. De Leeuw, D. LeysA. Lobo, G. Nordby, B. Olofsson, G. Opolski, M. Prince, F. M. Reischies, J. B. Rosenfeld, L. Ruilope, J. Salerno, R. Tilvis, P. Trenkwalder, A. Zanchetti

Research output: Article

64 Citations (Scopus)


The Study on COgnition and Prognosis in the Elderly (SCOPE) is a multi- centre, prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study. The primary objective of SCOPE is to assess the effect of the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blocker, candesartan cilexetil 8-16 mg once daily, on major cardiovascular events in elderly patients (70-89 years of age) with mild hypertension (DBP 90-99 and/or SBP 160-179 mmHg). The secondary objectives of the study are to test the hypothesis that antihypertensive therapy can prevent cognitive decline (as measured by the Mini Mental State Examination, MMSE) and dementia, and to assess the effect of therapy on total mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, renal function, and hospitalization. A total of 4964 patients from 15 participating countries were recruited during the randomization phase of SCOPE, exceeding the target population of 4000. The mean age of the patients at enrolment was 76 years, the ratio of male to female patients was approximately 1:2, and 52% of patients were already being treated with an antihypertensive agent at enrolment. The majority of patients (88%) were educated to at least primary school level. At randomization, mean sitting blood pressure values were SBP 166 mmHg and DBP 90 mmHg, and the mean MMSE score was 28. Previous cardiovascular disease in the study population included myocardial infarction (4%), stroke (4%) and atrial fibrillation (4%). Men, more often than women, had a history of previous MI, stroke and atrial fibrillation. A greater percentage of men were smokers (13% vs 6% in women) and had attended university (11% vs 3% of women). Of the randomized patients, 21% were 80 years of age. In this age group smoking was less common (4% vs 10% for 70-79-year-olds) and fewer had attended university (4% vs 7% for 70-79-year-olds). The incidence of MI was similar in both age groups. However, stroke and atrial fibrillation had occurred approximately twice as frequently in the older patients. The patients' mean age at baseline was similar in the participating countries, and most countries showed the approximate 1:2 ratio for male to female patients. There was also little inter-country variation in terms of mean SBP, DBP or MMSE score. However, there was considerable regional variation in the percentage of patients on therapy prior to enrolment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-151
Number of pages6
JournalBlood pressure
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - jún. 20 2000


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Hansson, L., Lithell, H., Skoog, I., Baro, F., Bánki, C. M., Breteler, M., Castaigne, A., Correia, M., Degaute, J. P., Elmfeldt, D., Engedal, K., Farsang, C., Ferro, J., Hachinski, V., Hofman, A., James, O. F. W., Krisin, E., Leeman, M., De Leeuw, P. W., ... Zanchetti, A. (2000). Study on COgnition and Prognosis in the Elderly (SCOPE): Baseline characteristics. Blood pressure, 9(2-3), 146-151.