Stabilizing the false vacuum: Mott skyrmions

M. Kanász-Nagy, B. Dóra, E. A. Demler, G. Zaránd

Research output: Article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Topological excitations keep fascinating physicists since many decades. While individual vortices and solitons emerge and have been observed in many areas of physics, their most intriguing higher dimensional topological relatives, skyrmions (smooth, topologically stable textures) and magnetic monopoles emerging almost necessarily in any grand unified theory and responsible for charge quantization remained mostly elusive. Here we propose that loading a three-component nematic superfluid such as 23 Na into a deep optical lattice and thereby creating an insulating core, one can create topologically stable skyrmion textures. The skyrmion's extreme stability and its compact geometry enable one to investigate the skyrmion's structure, and the interplay of topology and excitations in detail. In particular, the superfluid's excitation spectrum as well as the quantum numbers are demonstrated to change dramatically due to the skyrmion, and reflect the presence of a trapped monopole, as imposed by the skyrmion's topology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7692
JournalScientific reports
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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