Spectral and complexity features of the EEG changed by visual input in a case of subcortical stroke compared to healthy controls

Márk Molnár, Roland Csuhaj, Szabolcs Horváth, Ildikó Vastagh, Zsófia Anna Gaál, Balázs Czigler, Andrea Bálint, Dóra Csikós, Zoltán Nagy

Research output: Article

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare spectral and complexity characteristics of the EEG in a unique case of subcortical infarct to those seen in healthy controls. Methods: Absolute and relative frequency spectra, theta/beta ratio, the brain symmetry index (BSI), Omega-complexity and synchronization likelihood were calculated of the EEG recorded in eyes closed and eyes open conditions. Results: Increased absolute delta, theta, and Omega-complexity in these frequency bands, higher theta/beta ratios, and decreased relative beta activity were found in the side of the infarct. The BSI localized the excess of slow, and decrease of fast frequency activity to the area of ischemia. Following eyes opening the increase of fast and decrease of slow frequencies, the increase of Omega-complexity in the alpha and beta bands, and the decrease of synchronization likelihood for the fast frequency bands were reduced in the side of the infarct. Conclusions: The subcortical infarct caused ipsilaterally increased slow, and decreased fast frequency activity accompanied by decreased synchronization of slow, increased synchronization of fast frequencies. Reduced reactivity in the ischemic side was particularly apparent for complexity measures. Significance: Complexity indices of the EEG are sensitive complementary measures of electrophysiological changes caused by local lesions such as subcortical stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-780
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume117
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - ápr. 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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