Some physical parameters influencing the comprehensive evaluation of kinetic data in photochemical reactions and its application in the periodate-chemistry

László Valkai, Antal Marton, A. Horváth

Research output: Article

Abstract

Quantitative treatment of photochemical processes requires precise knowledge of the amount of photons reaching the sample. A possible and probably the most convenient way is to investigate a photochemical reaction subject to be studied by conventional or diode-array spectrophotometers. The self-test mode of the given instrument usually provides an opportunity for any user to obtain the measurable components of the emission spectrum of the lamp. This spectrum may then be used to determine the rate of primary photochemical processes as recently proposed by Fábián and Lente, alongside with molar absorbance, concentration of the absorbing species, quantum yield, and the absorbance measured itself. However, in some cases, the spectrum obtained by this way has to be treated with special circumspection because the amount of light may significantly differ from each other in the sample compartment and in other parts of the instrument as well. The most important technical factors influencing the emission spectrum of the light are discussed and their suitable utilization may straightforwardly provide a comparable amount of photons reaching the sample. To present it, different light sources of several spectrophotometers were systematically surveyed and some feasible corrections were as well highlighted. The considerations illustrated here are applied and demonstrated in case of sodium periodate providing a solid basis for a sound quantitative description of its photochemical decomposition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112021
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - jan. 1 2019

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Photochemical reactions
Spectrophotometers
photochemical reactions
Photons
spectrophotometers
chemistry
Kinetics
evaluation
kinetics
emission spectra
Quantum yield
Electric lamps
self tests
Light sources
Diodes
Sodium
Acoustic waves
photons
compartments
Decomposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Some physical parameters influencing the comprehensive evaluation of kinetic data in photochemical reactions and its application in the periodate-chemistry",
abstract = "Quantitative treatment of photochemical processes requires precise knowledge of the amount of photons reaching the sample. A possible and probably the most convenient way is to investigate a photochemical reaction subject to be studied by conventional or diode-array spectrophotometers. The self-test mode of the given instrument usually provides an opportunity for any user to obtain the measurable components of the emission spectrum of the lamp. This spectrum may then be used to determine the rate of primary photochemical processes as recently proposed by F{\'a}bi{\'a}n and Lente, alongside with molar absorbance, concentration of the absorbing species, quantum yield, and the absorbance measured itself. However, in some cases, the spectrum obtained by this way has to be treated with special circumspection because the amount of light may significantly differ from each other in the sample compartment and in other parts of the instrument as well. The most important technical factors influencing the emission spectrum of the light are discussed and their suitable utilization may straightforwardly provide a comparable amount of photons reaching the sample. To present it, different light sources of several spectrophotometers were systematically surveyed and some feasible corrections were as well highlighted. The considerations illustrated here are applied and demonstrated in case of sodium periodate providing a solid basis for a sound quantitative description of its photochemical decomposition.",
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AU - Valkai, László

AU - Marton, Antal

AU - Horváth, A.

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AB - Quantitative treatment of photochemical processes requires precise knowledge of the amount of photons reaching the sample. A possible and probably the most convenient way is to investigate a photochemical reaction subject to be studied by conventional or diode-array spectrophotometers. The self-test mode of the given instrument usually provides an opportunity for any user to obtain the measurable components of the emission spectrum of the lamp. This spectrum may then be used to determine the rate of primary photochemical processes as recently proposed by Fábián and Lente, alongside with molar absorbance, concentration of the absorbing species, quantum yield, and the absorbance measured itself. However, in some cases, the spectrum obtained by this way has to be treated with special circumspection because the amount of light may significantly differ from each other in the sample compartment and in other parts of the instrument as well. The most important technical factors influencing the emission spectrum of the light are discussed and their suitable utilization may straightforwardly provide a comparable amount of photons reaching the sample. To present it, different light sources of several spectrophotometers were systematically surveyed and some feasible corrections were as well highlighted. The considerations illustrated here are applied and demonstrated in case of sodium periodate providing a solid basis for a sound quantitative description of its photochemical decomposition.

KW - Lamp correction

KW - Periodate

KW - Photocatalysis

KW - Photochemistry

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