Smoking behaviour and attitudes of Hungarian Roma and non-Roma population towards tobacco control policies

Edit Paulik, L. Nagymajtényi, Douglas Easterling, Todd Rogers

Research output: Article

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To assess the smoking status and support for tobacco control policies among the Roma minority compared with the non-Roma population in Hungary. Methods A cross-sectional survey was delivered among Roma minority and local non-Roma population; 83 Roma and 126 non-Roma people were interviewed. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were applied to compare Roma and non-Roma populations. Results The prevalence of smoking was significantly higher and the support for tobacco control measures was significantly lower in the Roma population. This effect of ethnicity on attitudes toward tobacco control was explained somewhat, but not completely, by the Roma group's higher rate of smoking and lower level of education. Conclusions Tobacco control policies are a proven strategy for denormalizing smoking and discouraging initiation. This strategy has important potential for Roma communities because of their high rates of tobacco use. However, this study shows that the Roma are resistant the efforts to limit smoking. Changing these attitudes will require targeted public health interventions that take into account not only the lower educational levels of the Roma, but also their cultural beliefs regarding tobacco.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-491
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - okt. 2011

Fingerprint

Roma
gipsy
nicotine
Tobacco
smoking
Smoking
Population
minority
Hungary
Tobacco Use
Chi-Square Distribution
level of education
ethnicity
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
public health
Logistic Models
logistics
Education
regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Smoking behaviour and attitudes of Hungarian Roma and non-Roma population towards tobacco control policies. / Paulik, Edit; Nagymajtényi, L.; Easterling, Douglas; Rogers, Todd.

In: International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 56, No. 5, 10.2011, p. 485-491.

Research output: Article

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