Small-scale moisture availability increase during the 8.2-ka climatic event inferred from biotic proxy records in the South Carpathians (SE Romania)

Ilona Pál, E. Magyari, M. Braun, Ildikó Vincze, J. Pálfy, Mihály Molnár, Walter Finsinger, Krisztina Buczkó

Research output: Article

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we present high-resolution early Holocene pollen, plant macrofossil, charcoal, diatom, biogenic silica, and loss-on-ignition records from a mountain lake in the South Carpathians in order to reveal ecosystem response to the 8.2-ka climatic oscillation. We found significant changes both in terrestrial vegetation and lake diatom assemblages in the northern slope of the Retezat Mts between c. 8300 and 8000 cal. yr BP. Rapid changes in relative frequencies and pollen accumulation rates of the major deciduous pollen types associated with peaks in microcharcoal accumulation rates suggested that vegetation disturbance mainly took place in the mixed-deciduous forest zone, where woodland fires partially destroyed the populations of Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus, and Corylus avellana and facilitated the establishment of Carpinus betulus in the forest openings. The diatom record furthermore showed the spread of a planktonic diatom species, Aulacoseira valida, at 8150 cal. yr BP, coincidently with a short-lived expansion of C. betulus. Since diatom blooms mainly occur in spring in the Retezat Mts, increased spring water depth and increased water turbulence were inferred from these data. The expansion of C. betulus against F. excelsior and C. avellana at the same time suggested a modest increase in available moisture during the growing season. Taken together, these data imply that during the 8.2-ka event, winter and spring season available moisture increased, while summers were characterized by alternating moist/cool and dry/warm conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1382-1396
Number of pages15
JournalHolocene
Volume26
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - szept. 1 2016

Fingerprint

diatom
moisture
pollen
accumulation rate
ecosystem response
spring (season)
vegetation
spring water
lake
mixed forest
deciduous forest
charcoal
woodland
water depth
algal bloom
growing season
silica
turbulence
oscillation
Diatoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Archaeology
  • Ecology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Small-scale moisture availability increase during the 8.2-ka climatic event inferred from biotic proxy records in the South Carpathians (SE Romania). / Pál, Ilona; Magyari, E.; Braun, M.; Vincze, Ildikó; Pálfy, J.; Molnár, Mihály; Finsinger, Walter; Buczkó, Krisztina.

In: Holocene, Vol. 26, No. 9, 01.09.2016, p. 1382-1396.

Research output: Article

Pál, Ilona ; Magyari, E. ; Braun, M. ; Vincze, Ildikó ; Pálfy, J. ; Molnár, Mihály ; Finsinger, Walter ; Buczkó, Krisztina. / Small-scale moisture availability increase during the 8.2-ka climatic event inferred from biotic proxy records in the South Carpathians (SE Romania). In: Holocene. 2016 ; Vol. 26, No. 9. pp. 1382-1396.
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