This paper describes a newly developed method for the simultaneous determination of eight corticosteroid residues in bovine muscle, liver and kidney samples using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The determination of methylprednisone, the main metabolite of methylprednisolone, in bovine tissues using LC-MS/MS is carried out for the first time. The method development demonstrates that the pH is important in optimizing the sample preparation. Tests performed using different solid-phase extraction (SPE) cartridges were enabled to produce conditions for reducing the matrix effects (ion suppression and enhancement) of analysis. Acidic condition and mixed-mode cation exchange SPE columns resulted in the most suitable clean-up for muscle and liver, and also yielded acceptable results for kidney. The enhanced sample clean-up resulted in excellent clear baselines of ion transitions, and therefore, a higher delta electron multiplier voltage (ΔEMV) could be set in the MS/MS detector. The application of 500. V of ΔEMV improved the signal responses, however, the noise level did not change, and consequently, the overall sensitivity and analytical limits (limit of detection, limit of quantification) could be enhanced. In the HPLC separation, the recently introduced Kinetex phenyl-hexyl core-shell type column was used that enabled baseline separation for dexamethasone and its β-epimer, betamethasone. Dexamethasone and betamethasone were eluted within 12. min and such reduced retention, obtained with core-shell HPLC type column, further enhanced the sensitivity. The method was validated according to the European Union (EU) 2002/657/EC Decision; the studied parameters met the EU standards. The decision limits and limit of detections were calculated in each matrix for all corticosteroids and varied from 0.01 to 13.3. μg/kg and from 0.01 to 0.1. μg/kg, respectively.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - okt. 1 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology