Shrinkage-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation in Chinese hamster ovary cells

Katalin Szászi, László Buday, András Kapus

Research output: Article

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the signal transduction of osmotic stress, we examined hypertonicity-induced tyrosine phosphorylations in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Hyperosmosis elicited characteristic phosphotyrosine accumulation in at least 3 proteins (≃42, ≃85, and ≃120 kDa). The most prominent response occurred in the 85-kDa band (p85) whose phosphorylation was rapid, sustained, apparent already at mild hypertonicity (350 MOSM), proportional to the extracellular osmotic concentration, and reversible. Hyperosmotic environment could not induce tyrosine phosphorylation if cell shrinkage was prevented by nystatin and appropriately composed media. Conversely, isotonic shrinkage caused strong tyrosine phosphorylation. Thus, the initial signal is a decrease in cell volume and not an increase in the intra- or extracellular osmotic concentration, or a rise in cytosolic K+ and Cl- levels. Tyrosine phosphorylation of p85 was not due to the hypertonicity-induced protein kinase C-dependent stimulation of the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase, nor to the activation of stress-activated protein kinases. Tonicity- responsive proteins interacted with Grb2-glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins: the 120-kDa protein complexed with the SH2 and both SH3 domains, whereas p85 associated with the SH2 and the N-terminal SH3 domains of the adapter. Tyrosine phosphorylation of p85 is a sensitive indicator of reduced intracellular hydration and might signify a hitherto unrecognized, early volume-dependent signaling event.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16670-16678
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - jún. 27 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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