Scallop striated and smooth muscle myosin heavy-chain isoforms are produced by alternative RNA splicing from a single gene

L. Nyitray, Ágnes Jancsó, Yoshihiro Ochiai, L. Gráf, Andrew G. Szent-Györgyi

Research output: Article

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report here that the catch and striated adductor muscle myosin heavy- chain (MHC) isoforms of scallop (Argopecten irradians, previously Aequipecten irradians) are generated by alternative RNA splicing from a single gene. Scallop catch muscle cDNA and genomic DNA were amplified by PCR using primers based on the previously sequenced scallop striated muscle MHC cDNA. Mapping of the exon/intron borders and sequencing of a full-length catch muscle MHC in overlapping fragments revealed that the 24-kb gene encodes the MHC polypeptide in 27 exons and that four sets of tandem exon pairs are alternatively spliced into a striated and a catch MHC isoform. An additional alternative exon was identified in catch cDNA and is apparently spliced into a minor MHC isoform. The striated muscle-specific isoform is not expressed in other tissues, whereas the catch-type isoforms were also detected in various smooth muscles, but not in the striated one. Of the alternative exons, exons 5 and 6 encode part of the ATP-binding region and the 25-kDa/50-kDa proteolytic junction; exon 13 encodes part of one of the actin-binding regions and extends to the active site; exon 20 encodes the middle of the rod hinge region; exon 26 in the striated-specific sequence starts with the stop codon, whereas the catch-specific exon codes for an additional 10 residues. Differences between the alternative exons presumably determine the lower ATPase activity of smooth muscle myosin, contribute to the different structure of the striated and smooth muscle thick filaments, and may also be important for the molecular mechanism of the catch phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12686-12690
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume91
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - dec. 20 1994

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Pectinidae
Smooth Muscle Myosins
Striated Muscle
Myosin Heavy Chains
Alternative Splicing
Exons
Protein Isoforms
Genes
Complementary DNA
Smooth Muscle
Muscles
Terminator Codon
Introns
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Actins
Catalytic Domain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

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title = "Scallop striated and smooth muscle myosin heavy-chain isoforms are produced by alternative RNA splicing from a single gene",
abstract = "We report here that the catch and striated adductor muscle myosin heavy- chain (MHC) isoforms of scallop (Argopecten irradians, previously Aequipecten irradians) are generated by alternative RNA splicing from a single gene. Scallop catch muscle cDNA and genomic DNA were amplified by PCR using primers based on the previously sequenced scallop striated muscle MHC cDNA. Mapping of the exon/intron borders and sequencing of a full-length catch muscle MHC in overlapping fragments revealed that the 24-kb gene encodes the MHC polypeptide in 27 exons and that four sets of tandem exon pairs are alternatively spliced into a striated and a catch MHC isoform. An additional alternative exon was identified in catch cDNA and is apparently spliced into a minor MHC isoform. The striated muscle-specific isoform is not expressed in other tissues, whereas the catch-type isoforms were also detected in various smooth muscles, but not in the striated one. Of the alternative exons, exons 5 and 6 encode part of the ATP-binding region and the 25-kDa/50-kDa proteolytic junction; exon 13 encodes part of one of the actin-binding regions and extends to the active site; exon 20 encodes the middle of the rod hinge region; exon 26 in the striated-specific sequence starts with the stop codon, whereas the catch-specific exon codes for an additional 10 residues. Differences between the alternative exons presumably determine the lower ATPase activity of smooth muscle myosin, contribute to the different structure of the striated and smooth muscle thick filaments, and may also be important for the molecular mechanism of the catch phenomenon.",
keywords = "catch muscle, polymerase chain reaction",
author = "L. Nyitray and {\'A}gnes Jancs{\'o} and Yoshihiro Ochiai and L. Gr{\'a}f and Szent-Gy{\"o}rgyi, {Andrew G.}",
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T1 - Scallop striated and smooth muscle myosin heavy-chain isoforms are produced by alternative RNA splicing from a single gene

AU - Nyitray, L.

AU - Jancsó, Ágnes

AU - Ochiai, Yoshihiro

AU - Gráf, L.

AU - Szent-Györgyi, Andrew G.

PY - 1994/12/20

Y1 - 1994/12/20

N2 - We report here that the catch and striated adductor muscle myosin heavy- chain (MHC) isoforms of scallop (Argopecten irradians, previously Aequipecten irradians) are generated by alternative RNA splicing from a single gene. Scallop catch muscle cDNA and genomic DNA were amplified by PCR using primers based on the previously sequenced scallop striated muscle MHC cDNA. Mapping of the exon/intron borders and sequencing of a full-length catch muscle MHC in overlapping fragments revealed that the 24-kb gene encodes the MHC polypeptide in 27 exons and that four sets of tandem exon pairs are alternatively spliced into a striated and a catch MHC isoform. An additional alternative exon was identified in catch cDNA and is apparently spliced into a minor MHC isoform. The striated muscle-specific isoform is not expressed in other tissues, whereas the catch-type isoforms were also detected in various smooth muscles, but not in the striated one. Of the alternative exons, exons 5 and 6 encode part of the ATP-binding region and the 25-kDa/50-kDa proteolytic junction; exon 13 encodes part of one of the actin-binding regions and extends to the active site; exon 20 encodes the middle of the rod hinge region; exon 26 in the striated-specific sequence starts with the stop codon, whereas the catch-specific exon codes for an additional 10 residues. Differences between the alternative exons presumably determine the lower ATPase activity of smooth muscle myosin, contribute to the different structure of the striated and smooth muscle thick filaments, and may also be important for the molecular mechanism of the catch phenomenon.

AB - We report here that the catch and striated adductor muscle myosin heavy- chain (MHC) isoforms of scallop (Argopecten irradians, previously Aequipecten irradians) are generated by alternative RNA splicing from a single gene. Scallop catch muscle cDNA and genomic DNA were amplified by PCR using primers based on the previously sequenced scallop striated muscle MHC cDNA. Mapping of the exon/intron borders and sequencing of a full-length catch muscle MHC in overlapping fragments revealed that the 24-kb gene encodes the MHC polypeptide in 27 exons and that four sets of tandem exon pairs are alternatively spliced into a striated and a catch MHC isoform. An additional alternative exon was identified in catch cDNA and is apparently spliced into a minor MHC isoform. The striated muscle-specific isoform is not expressed in other tissues, whereas the catch-type isoforms were also detected in various smooth muscles, but not in the striated one. Of the alternative exons, exons 5 and 6 encode part of the ATP-binding region and the 25-kDa/50-kDa proteolytic junction; exon 13 encodes part of one of the actin-binding regions and extends to the active site; exon 20 encodes the middle of the rod hinge region; exon 26 in the striated-specific sequence starts with the stop codon, whereas the catch-specific exon codes for an additional 10 residues. Differences between the alternative exons presumably determine the lower ATPase activity of smooth muscle myosin, contribute to the different structure of the striated and smooth muscle thick filaments, and may also be important for the molecular mechanism of the catch phenomenon.

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