To examine the possible involvement of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in sodium homeostasis in premature infants, two groups of low birth weight infants with different dietary sodium regimens were studied. Sodium balance and plasma concentration of ANP were measured at weekly intervals for 5 weeks. At 1 week of age the study was started by dividing infants into two groups, group 1 with low and group 2 with increased sodium intake. Mean plasma concentrations of ANP were 47.7±7.6 and 51.4±9.5 fmol/ml, respectively. A steady decrease in plasma ANP concentration to 18.8±2.9 fmol/ml was observed in infants with sodium intake 1.5 mmol/kg/d (group 1), which was related to the decrease in serum sodium concentration in this group. In contrast, supplementation with NaCl 4.6 mmol/kg/d (group 2) was associated with a 30% increase in plasma ANP concentration, significantly different (P<0.025) from that in infants not given supplement, and was also higher than the values in full-term neonates. Our data suggest that altered sodium homeostasis induces regulatory changes in plasma ANP levels. ANP may provide a sensitive and important hormonal system for the control of sodium balance, even in premature neonates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health