Iskolás- és serdülokorúak droghasználata: Kockázati és védo faktorok egy reprezentatív vizsgálat tükrében

Grezsa Ferenc, Mirnics Zsuzsanna, Vargha András, Kövi Zsuzsanna, Rózsa Sándor, Vass Zoltán, Koós Tamás

Research output: Review article


Background: Drug use has been widespread and in recent years, initiation has been occurring at earlier ages. More and more studies have the aim to identify main risk and protective factors. Aim: The IEUD (School Health Development and Universal Drug Prevention) project was launched by the National Institute for Family and Social Policy, Hungary. On basis of representative data, we wanted to investigate mental health in 6-18 year old schoolage children and to gain data about substance use (smoking, alcohol, and illegal drugs). The main focus of the study was to analyze environmental-relational determinants of substance use. Methods: 7623 schoolchildren (grades 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11) participated. A comprehensive questionnaire was administered during a school lesson. In addition to studying substance use habits, the test battery included items for relational models and patterns, and a set of other variables (e.g., Big Five personality dimensions, mood and deviance). Results: Data on substance use frequency and initiation were in accordance with former representative studies. About 51 percent of our Global Substance Use Index could be explained by psychosocial variables. Deviance, maternal attitude, family and peer models, particular personality dimensions (extraversion, neuroticism) and perceived popularity in opposite-sex peers were significant determinants. Conclusions: Findings can be used to develop more effective preventive initiatives. Focused efforts should be directed toward groups at risk (e.g., adolescents with deviant behavior and high neuroticism). Also, support of parental monitoring techniques as well as interventions based on peer support seem to be promising directions.

Translated title of the contributionRisk and protective factors of drug use in schoolchildren and adolescents: Results of a representative study
Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)297-330
Number of pages34
JournalMentalhigiene es Pszichoszomatika
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - dec. 2015


  • Adolescence
  • Deviance
  • Family relations
  • Parental monitoring
  • Peer relations
  • Personality traits
  • Risk and protective factors
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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