Aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation has made huge progress with respect to innovation, efficacy, and safety, however, complications are still present. Recent studies examined various predictors of complications. However, limited data exist regarding the role of a repeat procedure. Our aim was the prospective evaluation of the incidence and predictors of complications related to AF ablation procedures in consecutive patients, including repeat procedures. Methods and results: All ablation procedures for AF between January 2013 and December 2015 were analysed in our electrophysiology laboratory. During the study period 1243 procedures were analysed [394 female, median age 62 (55-69)]. Overall complication rate was 6.84%, major complication rate was 2.82%. Major complications were the following: 18 pericardial tamponades; 5 pseudoaneurysms; 1 arteriovenous fistula; 6 thromboembolic cerebrovascular events; 3 pulmonary vein stenosis; and 2 atrioventricular blocks. No atrio-oesophageal fistula or procedure related death occurred. Univariate analysis for overall complications showed that age ≥ 65 years (P = 0.0231), female gender (P = 0.0438), hypertension (P = 0.0488), CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥ 2 (P = 0.0156), and previous AF ablation procedure (P < 0.0001) is associated with higher risk for adverse events. Multivariate analysis showed that the only independent predictor of overall complications was previous AF ablation procedure (P < 0.0001). Similarly, the only predictor of major complications was previous AF ablation procedure (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Incidence of complications associated with AF ablation in our high volume electrophysiology laboratory is similar to other cohorts. The only independent predictor of complications was previous AF ablation procedure in our series.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)