The phase transition of the classical two-dimensional Potts model, in particular the order of the transition as the number of components q increases, is studied by constructing renormalization-group transformations on the equivalent one-dimensional quantum problem. It is shown that the block transformation with two sites per cell indicates the existence of a critical qc separating the small-q and large-q regions with different critical behaviors. The physically accessible fixed point for q>qc is a discontinuity fixed point where the specific-heat exponent =1, and therefore the transition is of first order.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics