Regeneration and grooming in MPLS over WDM networks

Bruna Nogueira, Ricardo Mendes, Lucia Martins, Teresa Gomes, Rita Girao-Silva, Joao Santos, Tibor Cinkler

Research output: Article

1 Citation (Scopus)


This work addresses the grooming, routing and wavelength assignment with regeneration (GRWAR) problem for meshed networks in static traffic scenarios. It focuses primarily on the grooming and routing with regeneration (GRR) problem. Physical impairments were considered in the model, imposing a limit in lightpath lengths without regeneration. This creates the opportunity to strategically place transponders for both grooming and regeneration. The GRR problem is tackled lexicographically, which means that for a given network topology and a traffic matrix, the goal is to route and groom connection requests in a way that minimizes the number of transponders and, for that number of transponders, throughout minimum length routes. To solve this problem, an integer linear programming (ILP) formulation was developed considering undirected networks and explicitly including the relationship between the different network layers. The results of the ILP model are used to validate a heuristic suited to be included in a software-defined network (SDN) platform in a multilayer core network. The GRWAR problem is addressed after a solution for the GRR problem is obtained, using a first-fit approach to assign wavelengths to the lightpaths obtained by the ILP and the heuristic. The wavelength assignment problem is less critical due to the large number of wavelengths per fiber. The ILP and the heuristic were compared for small networks, with the heuristic providing good results in very short time, proving to be efficient and better suited for larger problems, as is confirmed through a set of proposed bounds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8782277
Pages (from-to)465-477
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Optical Communications and Networking
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - aug. 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications

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  • Cite this

    Nogueira, B., Mendes, R., Martins, L., Gomes, T., Girao-Silva, R., Santos, J., & Cinkler, T. (2019). Regeneration and grooming in MPLS over WDM networks. Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, 11(8), 465-477. [8782277].