Purpose: Iatrogenic atrial septal defect (IASD) after catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) due to transseptal puncture (TSP) can occur. The aim of this prospective study was to describe the incidence of IASD and to detect any cerebrovascular accident (CVA) after radiofrequency (RF) and cryoballoon (CB) CA. Methods: Between July 2014 and September 2016, 94 patients (pts) (RF; 48, CB; 46, 30 (31.9%) women, mean age = 60 ± 9.7 years) with paroxysmal AF were enrolled who underwent CA procedure for the first time. During RF ablation a single (n = 30, 62.5%) or double (n = 18, 37.5%) TSP was performed. Transoesophageal echocardiography before the procedure and at the 3-month and 12-month follow-up (FU) was accomplished. During the FU period, we evaluated the occurrence of any postprocedural CVA. Results: At the 3-month FU, IASD was detected in 17/94 (18.1%) pts; in 9/48 (18.8%) pts in the RF while in 8/46 (17.4%) pts in the CB group (p = 0.866), all of them with left-to-right shunt. In the RF group, 6/30 (20%) pts with a single TSP while 3/18 (16.7%) pts in the double TSP group had IASD (p = 0.780). 14/17 (82.4%) IASDs showed high spontaneous closure rate at the 12-month FU. None of the pts died or suffered from CVA. Conclusion: Persistent IASD can occur rather frequently following AF CA. No significant difference was observed between the RF and CB techniques concerning the presence of IASD at 3-month. IASDs showed a high spontaneous closure rate. No cerebral thromboembolic event was observed in the 12-month FU period.
|Journal||Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology|
|Publication status||Published - jan. 1 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)