Projections from the Nucleus Isthmi to the Visual and Auditory Centres in the Frog, Rana esculenta

Akos Kulik, Clara Matesz

Research output: Article

3 Citations (Scopus)


The lectin Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin was injected into the nucleus isthmi (NI) in order to study its anterograde and retrograde projections in the frog. The following areas of termination could be discerned in the brainstem: (1) Each of the five subnuclei of the torus semicircularis (TOS) received fibres from the NI. The projection was the most extensive on the three main subnuclei which disclosed also retrogradely labelled neurones on the side of injections. The subependymal subnuclei contained the least number of labelled fibres. (2) Both hemispheres of the optic tectum (TO) were supplied by fibres from the NI. Labelled fibres were more numerous on the side of injections, and preterminal and terminal fibres covered columnar-like areas in layers 8 and 9. Several retrogradely labelled neurones were found in layer 6. Relatively few labelled fibres were seen on the contralateral side. They formed patch-like areas of termination in layer 9. (3) The anterodorsal (AD) and anteroventral (AV) nuclei were reciprocally interconnected with the NI. The fibre connections were less extensive on the contralateral side. In the rhombencephalon (4) the cochlear nucleus (CN) and (5) the superior olive (SO) were also reciprocally connected with the NI on both sides, but with much weaker projection on the side contralateral to injections. (6) Only a weak anterograde labelling was observed in the contralateral NI and in the ipsilateral reticular formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-307
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Brain Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - dec. 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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