Possible role of sweating in the pathophysiology of panic attacks

Imre Janszky, Sándor Szedmák, Roland Istók, M. Kopp

Research output: Article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years the role of hyperventilation in the generation of panic attacks has attracted a considerable amount of interest. According to these studies hyperventilation can elicit the somatic symptoms of panic due to systemic alkalosis. We suggest that since in the case of panic, sweating might cause alkalosis, it could also contribute to the generation of panic attacks. In light of this hypothesis we made a statistical analysis of the panic symptoms of 111 panic patients diagnosed according to DSM-III criteria. The analysis revealed that: (1) there was a well identified group of panic patients who had minor breathing difficulties with heavy sweating; and (2) that all the patients sampled had either severe breathing, or sweating symptoms, or both. We conclude that in the absence of the intensive physical activity of the 'flight or fight' reaction, sweating as well as hyperventilation can cause alkalosis, which in turn might generate panic attacks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-252
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - dec. 1997

Fingerprint

Panic
Sweating
Panic Disorder
Alkalosis
Hyperventilation
Respiration
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Possible role of sweating in the pathophysiology of panic attacks. / Janszky, Imre; Szedmák, Sándor; Istók, Roland; Kopp, M.

In: International Journal of Psychophysiology, Vol. 27, No. 3, 12.1997, p. 249-252.

Research output: Article

Janszky, Imre ; Szedmák, Sándor ; Istók, Roland ; Kopp, M. / Possible role of sweating in the pathophysiology of panic attacks. In: International Journal of Psychophysiology. 1997 ; Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 249-252.
@article{f5210bfaeaaa44ae902e17f1567a219d,
title = "Possible role of sweating in the pathophysiology of panic attacks",
abstract = "In recent years the role of hyperventilation in the generation of panic attacks has attracted a considerable amount of interest. According to these studies hyperventilation can elicit the somatic symptoms of panic due to systemic alkalosis. We suggest that since in the case of panic, sweating might cause alkalosis, it could also contribute to the generation of panic attacks. In light of this hypothesis we made a statistical analysis of the panic symptoms of 111 panic patients diagnosed according to DSM-III criteria. The analysis revealed that: (1) there was a well identified group of panic patients who had minor breathing difficulties with heavy sweating; and (2) that all the patients sampled had either severe breathing, or sweating symptoms, or both. We conclude that in the absence of the intensive physical activity of the 'flight or fight' reaction, sweating as well as hyperventilation can cause alkalosis, which in turn might generate panic attacks.",
keywords = "Hyperventilation, Panic, Sweating",
author = "Imre Janszky and S{\'a}ndor Szedm{\'a}k and Roland Ist{\'o}k and M. Kopp",
year = "1997",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/S0167-8760(97)00056-1",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "249--252",
journal = "International Journal of Psychophysiology",
issn = "0167-8760",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Possible role of sweating in the pathophysiology of panic attacks

AU - Janszky, Imre

AU - Szedmák, Sándor

AU - Istók, Roland

AU - Kopp, M.

PY - 1997/12

Y1 - 1997/12

N2 - In recent years the role of hyperventilation in the generation of panic attacks has attracted a considerable amount of interest. According to these studies hyperventilation can elicit the somatic symptoms of panic due to systemic alkalosis. We suggest that since in the case of panic, sweating might cause alkalosis, it could also contribute to the generation of panic attacks. In light of this hypothesis we made a statistical analysis of the panic symptoms of 111 panic patients diagnosed according to DSM-III criteria. The analysis revealed that: (1) there was a well identified group of panic patients who had minor breathing difficulties with heavy sweating; and (2) that all the patients sampled had either severe breathing, or sweating symptoms, or both. We conclude that in the absence of the intensive physical activity of the 'flight or fight' reaction, sweating as well as hyperventilation can cause alkalosis, which in turn might generate panic attacks.

AB - In recent years the role of hyperventilation in the generation of panic attacks has attracted a considerable amount of interest. According to these studies hyperventilation can elicit the somatic symptoms of panic due to systemic alkalosis. We suggest that since in the case of panic, sweating might cause alkalosis, it could also contribute to the generation of panic attacks. In light of this hypothesis we made a statistical analysis of the panic symptoms of 111 panic patients diagnosed according to DSM-III criteria. The analysis revealed that: (1) there was a well identified group of panic patients who had minor breathing difficulties with heavy sweating; and (2) that all the patients sampled had either severe breathing, or sweating symptoms, or both. We conclude that in the absence of the intensive physical activity of the 'flight or fight' reaction, sweating as well as hyperventilation can cause alkalosis, which in turn might generate panic attacks.

KW - Hyperventilation

KW - Panic

KW - Sweating

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031442592&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031442592&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0167-8760(97)00056-1

DO - 10.1016/S0167-8760(97)00056-1

M3 - Article

C2 - 9451583

AN - SCOPUS:0031442592

VL - 27

SP - 249

EP - 252

JO - International Journal of Psychophysiology

JF - International Journal of Psychophysiology

SN - 0167-8760

IS - 3

ER -