Phase relations and melting of nominally ‘dry’ residual eclogites with variable CaO/Na2O from 3 to 5 GPa and 1250 to 1500 °C; implications for refertilisation of upwelling heterogeneous mantle

Anja Rosenthal, Gregory M. Yaxley, Wilson A. Crichton, I. Kovács, Carl Spandler, Joerg Hermann, Judit K. Sándorné, Estelle Rose-Koga, Anne Aziliz Pelleter

Research output: Article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the phase and melting relations of nominally ‘dry’ residual eclogites (Res2 and Res3), with varying bulk CaO/Na2O ratios (4 and 12, respectively), from ~160 (5 GPa) to ~90 km (3 GPa) depth. Garnet, clinopyroxene and minor quartz/coesite are subsolidus phases in both compositions. In contrast to Res2, in Res3, the proportions of garnet always exceeding those of clinopyroxene. This also leads to higher modal quartz/coesite in Res3 relative to Res2. In modelling melting along a near-adiabatic upwelling path with a mantle potential temperature of ~1360 °C, at 5 GPa, near-solidus andesitic Res3 partial melts are much less siliceous and sodic, and are more calcic and magnesian than the incipient dacitic melts of Res2. Continuously self-fluxed melting increases considerably from 4 to 3 GPa due to the increased breakdown of Ca-Eskolaite solid solution component in clinopyroxene along the adiabat. This causes a steepening of the solidus, but more-so for Res2 than for Res3. At 3 GPa, the near exhaustion of residual clinopyroxene causes higher melt productivity for Res3 (~60%) than for Res2 (~30%), despite both melts being of basaltic-andesite composition. Resulting Res3 melts are therefore significantly more calcic and magnesian, and less sodic than those of Res2 melts. As Res3 undergoes a higher degree of melting relative to Res2 during adiabatic ascent, Res3 eclogitic residues become significantly more refractory; with relatively higher Mg# and grossular in garnet, higher Mg# and Ca-tschermaks, and lower jadeite components of clinopyroxene, and higher garnet/clinopyroxene ratios than eclogitic Res2 residuals. In upwelling heterogenous mantle domains, the siliceous eclogitic melts formed within a body of eclogite will react with encapsulating mantle peridotite, effectively refertilising it and producing hybrid pyroxene- and garnet-rich rocks. Subsequent melting of these sources may lead to compositionaly diverse primitive mantle-derived magmas, with high Ca/Al and low Na/Ca signatures indicators of preferential melting of a heterogeneous mantle, previously refertilised by recycled Ca-rich oceanic crustal material, and primitive magmas with low Ca/Al and high Na/Ca derived from melting of mantle with a ‘normal recycled crustal material signature’. Thus, compositional magma diversity may directly reflect precursor compositions of the mantle source region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)506-519
Number of pages14
JournalLithos
Volume314-315
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - aug. 1 2018

Fingerprint

upwelling
Melting
clinopyroxene
melting
melt
mantle
Garnets
garnet
coesite
Quartz
quartz
jadeite
grossular
Chemical analysis
potential temperature
eclogite
sodium oxide
rhenium sulfide
solid solution
mantle source

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Phase relations and melting of nominally ‘dry’ residual eclogites with variable CaO/Na2O from 3 to 5 GPa and 1250 to 1500 °C; implications for refertilisation of upwelling heterogeneous mantle. / Rosenthal, Anja; Yaxley, Gregory M.; Crichton, Wilson A.; Kovács, I.; Spandler, Carl; Hermann, Joerg; Sándorné, Judit K.; Rose-Koga, Estelle; Pelleter, Anne Aziliz.

In: Lithos, Vol. 314-315, 01.08.2018, p. 506-519.

Research output: Article

Rosenthal, Anja ; Yaxley, Gregory M. ; Crichton, Wilson A. ; Kovács, I. ; Spandler, Carl ; Hermann, Joerg ; Sándorné, Judit K. ; Rose-Koga, Estelle ; Pelleter, Anne Aziliz. / Phase relations and melting of nominally ‘dry’ residual eclogites with variable CaO/Na2O from 3 to 5 GPa and 1250 to 1500 °C; implications for refertilisation of upwelling heterogeneous mantle. In: Lithos. 2018 ; Vol. 314-315. pp. 506-519.
@article{010ce1245ec340d195f18cfd5fdc132c,
title = "Phase relations and melting of nominally ‘dry’ residual eclogites with variable CaO/Na2O from 3 to 5 GPa and 1250 to 1500 °C; implications for refertilisation of upwelling heterogeneous mantle",
abstract = "This study investigates the phase and melting relations of nominally ‘dry’ residual eclogites (Res2 and Res3), with varying bulk CaO/Na2O ratios (4 and 12, respectively), from ~160 (5 GPa) to ~90 km (3 GPa) depth. Garnet, clinopyroxene and minor quartz/coesite are subsolidus phases in both compositions. In contrast to Res2, in Res3, the proportions of garnet always exceeding those of clinopyroxene. This also leads to higher modal quartz/coesite in Res3 relative to Res2. In modelling melting along a near-adiabatic upwelling path with a mantle potential temperature of ~1360 °C, at 5 GPa, near-solidus andesitic Res3 partial melts are much less siliceous and sodic, and are more calcic and magnesian than the incipient dacitic melts of Res2. Continuously self-fluxed melting increases considerably from 4 to 3 GPa due to the increased breakdown of Ca-Eskolaite solid solution component in clinopyroxene along the adiabat. This causes a steepening of the solidus, but more-so for Res2 than for Res3. At 3 GPa, the near exhaustion of residual clinopyroxene causes higher melt productivity for Res3 (~60{\%}) than for Res2 (~30{\%}), despite both melts being of basaltic-andesite composition. Resulting Res3 melts are therefore significantly more calcic and magnesian, and less sodic than those of Res2 melts. As Res3 undergoes a higher degree of melting relative to Res2 during adiabatic ascent, Res3 eclogitic residues become significantly more refractory; with relatively higher Mg# and grossular in garnet, higher Mg# and Ca-tschermaks, and lower jadeite components of clinopyroxene, and higher garnet/clinopyroxene ratios than eclogitic Res2 residuals. In upwelling heterogenous mantle domains, the siliceous eclogitic melts formed within a body of eclogite will react with encapsulating mantle peridotite, effectively refertilising it and producing hybrid pyroxene- and garnet-rich rocks. Subsequent melting of these sources may lead to compositionaly diverse primitive mantle-derived magmas, with high Ca/Al and low Na/Ca signatures indicators of preferential melting of a heterogeneous mantle, previously refertilised by recycled Ca-rich oceanic crustal material, and primitive magmas with low Ca/Al and high Na/Ca derived from melting of mantle with a ‘normal recycled crustal material signature’. Thus, compositional magma diversity may directly reflect precursor compositions of the mantle source region.",
keywords = "Experimental petrology, Heterogeneous mantle melting, Petrogenesis of primitive mantle-derived magmas, Phase relations, Residual eclogites",
author = "Anja Rosenthal and Yaxley, {Gregory M.} and Crichton, {Wilson A.} and I. Kov{\'a}cs and Carl Spandler and Joerg Hermann and S{\'a}ndorn{\'e}, {Judit K.} and Estelle Rose-Koga and Pelleter, {Anne Aziliz}",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.lithos.2018.05.025",
language = "English",
volume = "314-315",
pages = "506--519",
journal = "Lithos",
issn = "0024-4937",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Phase relations and melting of nominally ‘dry’ residual eclogites with variable CaO/Na2O from 3 to 5 GPa and 1250 to 1500 °C; implications for refertilisation of upwelling heterogeneous mantle

AU - Rosenthal, Anja

AU - Yaxley, Gregory M.

AU - Crichton, Wilson A.

AU - Kovács, I.

AU - Spandler, Carl

AU - Hermann, Joerg

AU - Sándorné, Judit K.

AU - Rose-Koga, Estelle

AU - Pelleter, Anne Aziliz

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - This study investigates the phase and melting relations of nominally ‘dry’ residual eclogites (Res2 and Res3), with varying bulk CaO/Na2O ratios (4 and 12, respectively), from ~160 (5 GPa) to ~90 km (3 GPa) depth. Garnet, clinopyroxene and minor quartz/coesite are subsolidus phases in both compositions. In contrast to Res2, in Res3, the proportions of garnet always exceeding those of clinopyroxene. This also leads to higher modal quartz/coesite in Res3 relative to Res2. In modelling melting along a near-adiabatic upwelling path with a mantle potential temperature of ~1360 °C, at 5 GPa, near-solidus andesitic Res3 partial melts are much less siliceous and sodic, and are more calcic and magnesian than the incipient dacitic melts of Res2. Continuously self-fluxed melting increases considerably from 4 to 3 GPa due to the increased breakdown of Ca-Eskolaite solid solution component in clinopyroxene along the adiabat. This causes a steepening of the solidus, but more-so for Res2 than for Res3. At 3 GPa, the near exhaustion of residual clinopyroxene causes higher melt productivity for Res3 (~60%) than for Res2 (~30%), despite both melts being of basaltic-andesite composition. Resulting Res3 melts are therefore significantly more calcic and magnesian, and less sodic than those of Res2 melts. As Res3 undergoes a higher degree of melting relative to Res2 during adiabatic ascent, Res3 eclogitic residues become significantly more refractory; with relatively higher Mg# and grossular in garnet, higher Mg# and Ca-tschermaks, and lower jadeite components of clinopyroxene, and higher garnet/clinopyroxene ratios than eclogitic Res2 residuals. In upwelling heterogenous mantle domains, the siliceous eclogitic melts formed within a body of eclogite will react with encapsulating mantle peridotite, effectively refertilising it and producing hybrid pyroxene- and garnet-rich rocks. Subsequent melting of these sources may lead to compositionaly diverse primitive mantle-derived magmas, with high Ca/Al and low Na/Ca signatures indicators of preferential melting of a heterogeneous mantle, previously refertilised by recycled Ca-rich oceanic crustal material, and primitive magmas with low Ca/Al and high Na/Ca derived from melting of mantle with a ‘normal recycled crustal material signature’. Thus, compositional magma diversity may directly reflect precursor compositions of the mantle source region.

AB - This study investigates the phase and melting relations of nominally ‘dry’ residual eclogites (Res2 and Res3), with varying bulk CaO/Na2O ratios (4 and 12, respectively), from ~160 (5 GPa) to ~90 km (3 GPa) depth. Garnet, clinopyroxene and minor quartz/coesite are subsolidus phases in both compositions. In contrast to Res2, in Res3, the proportions of garnet always exceeding those of clinopyroxene. This also leads to higher modal quartz/coesite in Res3 relative to Res2. In modelling melting along a near-adiabatic upwelling path with a mantle potential temperature of ~1360 °C, at 5 GPa, near-solidus andesitic Res3 partial melts are much less siliceous and sodic, and are more calcic and magnesian than the incipient dacitic melts of Res2. Continuously self-fluxed melting increases considerably from 4 to 3 GPa due to the increased breakdown of Ca-Eskolaite solid solution component in clinopyroxene along the adiabat. This causes a steepening of the solidus, but more-so for Res2 than for Res3. At 3 GPa, the near exhaustion of residual clinopyroxene causes higher melt productivity for Res3 (~60%) than for Res2 (~30%), despite both melts being of basaltic-andesite composition. Resulting Res3 melts are therefore significantly more calcic and magnesian, and less sodic than those of Res2 melts. As Res3 undergoes a higher degree of melting relative to Res2 during adiabatic ascent, Res3 eclogitic residues become significantly more refractory; with relatively higher Mg# and grossular in garnet, higher Mg# and Ca-tschermaks, and lower jadeite components of clinopyroxene, and higher garnet/clinopyroxene ratios than eclogitic Res2 residuals. In upwelling heterogenous mantle domains, the siliceous eclogitic melts formed within a body of eclogite will react with encapsulating mantle peridotite, effectively refertilising it and producing hybrid pyroxene- and garnet-rich rocks. Subsequent melting of these sources may lead to compositionaly diverse primitive mantle-derived magmas, with high Ca/Al and low Na/Ca signatures indicators of preferential melting of a heterogeneous mantle, previously refertilised by recycled Ca-rich oceanic crustal material, and primitive magmas with low Ca/Al and high Na/Ca derived from melting of mantle with a ‘normal recycled crustal material signature’. Thus, compositional magma diversity may directly reflect precursor compositions of the mantle source region.

KW - Experimental petrology

KW - Heterogeneous mantle melting

KW - Petrogenesis of primitive mantle-derived magmas

KW - Phase relations

KW - Residual eclogites

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049588420&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85049588420&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.lithos.2018.05.025

DO - 10.1016/j.lithos.2018.05.025

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85049588420

VL - 314-315

SP - 506

EP - 519

JO - Lithos

JF - Lithos

SN - 0024-4937

ER -