Phase Dependence of Conformational Motions in Solids. The tert-Butyl Rotation in (1R*,2S*,5R*)-5-tert-Butyl-2-hydroxycyclopentanecarboxylic Acid

Frank G. Riddell, Gabor Bernáth, Ferenc Fülöp

Research output: Article

25 Citations (Scopus)


(1R*,2S*,5R*)-5-tert-Butyl-2-hydroxycyclopentanecarboxylic acid exists in several solid phases, two of which are investigated in this report: a first phase (phase I) obtained by crystallization from common solvents and a second phase (phase II) obtained by heating the first phase above ca. 70 °C. The second phase appears to be the stable phase at ambient temperature, and the first phase appears to be a metastable phase. A third phase (phase III), which reverts to phase II on standing at room temperature, is obtained by cooling the melt to room temperature. The rates of rotation of the tert-butyl groups in phases I and II have been measured by CP/MAS NMR techniques. The activation parameters for the tert-butyl group rotation differ markedly between the two phases: phase I, ΔH = 59.0 ± 2.1 kJ mol–1, ΔS = 51.6 ± 8.1 J K–1 mol–1; and phase II, ΔH = 43.9 ± 2.5 kJ mol–1, ΔS = 28.3 ± 9.3 J K–1 mol–1. The structure of phase I has been solved by X-ray diffraction techniques, and this assists in understanding the experimental observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2327-2335
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - jan. 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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