Although there are many techniques for performing phase calibration on ultrasound transducers, most of these suffer from high cost, complexity, or inaccuracy. In the present work, phase calibration on receive was achieved by the generation of inertial cavitation emissions in 3% agar gel using a 1 MHz HIFU transducer, the inertial cavitation emissions providing impulse-like sources for the transducer under calibration. Phase calibration was performed on a custom-built 5-15 MHz transducer, where the results showed good agreement with predictions obtained using the KLM transducer model (<5° difference for 3.0-10.5 MHz, where SNR was above 54 dB and the harmonics of the HIFU excitation cause limited interference). Phase calibration was also performed on an element of a commercial 5-10 MHz linear array. In this instance, a KLM model was not available, so the array element response was modeled as a pole-zero resonator. The slope of phase with log-frequency that was thus obtained was consistent with the bandwidth of the array element response. The results demonstrate the potential of cavitation-based phase calibration on receive to offer higher accuracies than existing phase calibration methods. Future work will investigate the use of laser cavitation in water to minimize attenuation and make the method applicable at higher (>10 MHz) frequencies, as well as remove lowerfrequency (<3 MHz) interference arising from the use of acoustic excitation to generate cavitation.