Pediatric multiple sclerosis and fulminant disease course: Features and approaches to treatment – A case report and review of the literature

Dániel Sandi, Edit Bereg, Tamás Biernacki, Erika Vörös, Péter Klivényi, Csaba Bereczki, László Vécsei, Krisztina Bencsik

Research output: Review article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the autoimmune, neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Typically, it affects the young adult population, however, up to 10% of the cases, it can develop in childhood. Atypical manifestations, such as the tumefactive variant (tMS) or acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), especially coupled with fulminant disease course, are even more rare and pose a considerable differential diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Recently, the therapeutic strategy on the use of disease modifying therapies (DMTs) in MS has shifted to the direction of a more individualized approach, that takes the personal differences heavily into account, in particular regard to the activity and prognosis of the disease. Despite this change has only been applied to adults yet, it is plausible to predict, that it will soon be applied to pediatric patients as well, particularly, as several randomized studies are under way concerning DMTs in pediatric populations. To our best knowledge, we are the first to report a successful natalizumab treatment of pediatric fulminant tMS, in case of a 13.5 years old girl. We feel that this report demonstrates the need of early and adequate treatment in such an aggressive case, because it can reverse the course of a possibly fatal disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-19
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - júl. 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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